Attitude Meaning Difference Between Attitude And Aptitude

Attitude Meaning Definition Attitude Aptitude
Attitude Difference Between Attitude And Aptitude

Attitude Meaning Definition


In psychology, the way of thinking, feeling or behaving, that construct a mental and emotional entity in a person is called attitude. Attitude is a complex acquired state that come through experiences. Attitude is an individual's state of mind regarding a responsive expression towards a person, place, thing, or event. the attitude influences the individual's thought and action. attitude meaning in psychology is the individual's feelings about themselves and the world. Attitude is formed by a person's past and present experiences. In social psychology attitude can be negative or positive. people can also have both positive and negative attitudes toward the same thing or incident. However, there is a controversy and debate about the precise definitions of the attitude. commonly attitude can be defined as discrete emotions, understanding, information, interpretation, and judgement towards any object. Attitude guide encoding information, attention and behaviors of any individual. According to Carl Jung the attitude is a readiness of the psyche to act or react in a certain way. Carl Jung says that attitude come in conscious and unconscious pairs. the types of attitude are extraversion, and introversion duality of individual and social attitudes. Jung also define rational attitude the thinking and feeling psychological functions, and irrational attitude the sensing and intuition psychological functions.


Difference Between Attitude And Aptitude


Aptitude can be defined as a competency to do a certain kind of work at a certain level. Aptitude is known as the name of talent. Aptitudes can be in physical or mental nature. The main difference between aptitude and attitude is that, aptitude is a ability of a person to learn something skills or knowledge, on the other hand attitude is a feelings, opinions or behaving of a person about the object. Aptitude can be measure as a ability of a person to acquire a new skill. It is also known as intelligence. on the other hand, attitude is mental perspective about a particular object or person. attitude is positive, negative, indifferent feeling towards a person, object, event or idea. While aptitude is a competency to do a certain kind of work. Both attitude and aptitude can be nurtured by practice.attitude is associated with mental character, virtues and moral values. aptitude is associated both mental and physical skills to do a task with competence. An individual should have intellectual aptitude, emotional aptitude and moral aptitude.

Probity In Public Life

Probity integrity In Public Life
Probity In Public Life

Probity And Integrity In Public Life


probity in public life is the highest ethical moral quality for the elected or appointed public servants. who hold public affairs office, it is required to maintain probity in their conduct for the public trust. Probity quality prevent the nation from corruption by politicians and public officials, who have unrestricted access to public resources and assets with power to take decisions for the well-being of the people and nation, their decision greatly impact on the lives of people as well as the whole nation. those are in the positions of power can abuse their positions to take benefit themselves or friends and family, instead of taking decision infavour of people. The lack of of integrity and probity in public life lead to corruption. The impact of probity is the most pervasive in small states. The lack of probity in politician and public servants results the unfavourable economies of scale and high per capita cost of government. Leaders without probity quality will exploit the public resources to enrich themselves at the expense of the country. The effects of corruption due to the lack of probity in public servant and political leaders are documented, In Latin America and the Caribbean Inter-American Development Bank that estimated loss due to corruption is average of 10% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In some nations this proportion of corruption are as high as one quarter of gdp. the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)  considered corruption as one of the main obstacles for the development in small and developing countries. It cannot be assumed that all the leaders and the public servants are engage in corruption. The majority of public officials both elected and appointed have probity in dedicated service to the country. They keep alive the traditions of selfless public service and these officials should be encouraged their contributions recognition. Rooting out corruption by one big swoop or legislation alone, from any country is not an easy task. It required a national objective by the citizens, government, political parties, the private sector, civil society, religious leaders and, most importantly by the media, to ensure highest standard of probity behaviour, accountability and transparency in governance across all aspects of society. 

Every person in public life should have probity quality and declaration his income assets and liabilities. Every person in public life should follow the Code of Conduct, of their public duties ethics values behaviour. breach of the Code of Conduct, should be punishable criminal offence by a fine or imprisonment, or both. highest standard of probity behaviour should be in elected or appoint people for the serve of public interest.

Relevance Of Ethical Governance

Ethical Governance good governance ethics
Ethical Governance 

Ethical Governance


Ethical Governance can be defined as the systematic moral-norms, conduct of a individual and groups in the social practice. Ethical Governance practices Improve the quality of life, makes people happier, and coping with their situation. Ethical Governance Avoid harm to others by allowing access of goods/services delivery with respect.


Ethical Governance Characteristics


Ethical Governance practice Enforce the Rule of Law.

Ethical Governance practice Respect the Political subordinate.

Ethical Governance practice  Obey the administrative limitations.

Ethical Governance practice Pursue Justice and fairness.

Ethical Governance practice Ensure the Public responsibility and accountability.

Ethical Governance practice is open and transparent.

Ethical Governance practice makes record what you do.

Ethical Governance practices are honest and Responsive.

Ethical Governance practice Improve professional performance.

Ethical Governance practice Combat with bureau pathology, by which all large organizations suffer. Ethical Governance practice  promote Democracy.

Ethical Governance practice Guard against corruption.

Ethical Governance standards reflects in the Legal Framework.

Ethical Governance makes Legal Framework with minimum obligatory.

Ethical Governance develop ethical analysis and moral reasoning skills.


Ethical Governance Principles For Public Servants


Compassion ethical principle concern for the well-being of others. Non-malfeasance ethical principle avoid inflict suffering and hardship on others.

Beneficence ethical principle prevent and alleviating the most vulnerable suffering and promote happiness among them.

Fairness ethical p for public servant to treat all people equally.

Ethical principle create courage in public servant to oppose injustice.

Ethical principle respect individual autonomy, the Constitution, Laws enacted by legitimate governing bodies and not making promises that can not be intend to keep.

Ethical principle in public servant do not show favour towards family and friends, while discharging their official duties and functions.

The practices of ethics and moral values in good governance promote the legality of government action in terms of rationality and policy decision making. Ethical Governance makes a sense of responsibility, accountability, work commitment, and excellence spirit of individual for the organizational goals, ethical and moral values practice in good governance make maximum public welfare. therefore every government and private sector organisations must follow the ethical practices in administration.