Showing posts with label Science and Technology News. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Science and Technology News. Show all posts

Feb 18, 2023

Responsible Artificial Intelligence In The Military Domain

Responsible Artificial Intelligence Military Domain

Responsible Artificial Intelligence In The Military Domain 

launching the initiative on the responsible improvement and use of artificial intelligence in the military domain, and for all the effort you have put into ensuring that developments in our institutions and international norms preserve pace with advancements in technology. Artificial intelligence is a transformational, general-purpose technology that has altered our human ambitions and insights in fantastic ways. The opportunities and risks of harnessing the strength of this novel science for economies and societies, now not just militaries, will alter the route of records in methods unknown. For example, applications of AI could enhance the way of supporting complicated verification challenges and enlarge self assurance in states’ commitments. we favor to make sure that as AI and related technologies radically change how we live, how we work, how we compete, how we shield ourselves, that we’re staying beforehand of change, certainly that we are shaping trade and, critically, making sure it can provide for our people. This is now not just essential for the United States of America, but it is essential for the world.  As we have discussed these previous few days, developments in this science will essentially alter militaries around the world, massive and small.  We already see the way that artificial intelligence should structure the future of militaries. we see makes use of of AI, technique information and analyze by the soldiers in battlefield situation. The United States approaches the usage of artificial intelligence for navy functions from the standpoint of accountable meaning our tries harness the advantages of AI have to be accompanied via a focus on safe and responsible conduct, that is consistent with the law of battle and worldwide humanitarian law.  Inflection Point is a term used frequently as of late, but for accurate reason, we have an possibility to form the way militaries strengthen and use AI.  Should we use this science to limit civilian casualties in conflicts?  Should we use this science to keep away from miscalculation?   But there are also harder questions where we would possibly no longer always agree. We have a special possibility to get in advance of the sport and use this Summit as the first step closer to growing sturdy norms of accountable conduct surrounding army makes use of AI.  The United States is here these days to announce a Political Declaration on Responsible Military Use of Artificial Intelligence and Autonomy. We invite all states to be a part of us in implementing worldwide norms as it pertains to the army development and use of AI and autonomy.  AI will seriously change many things that militaries do  from managing logistics to how they educate and operate. No doubt, this transformation can deliver many benefits. Responsible militaries will use AI skills to improve decision-making and situational awareness, helping them avoid unintended engagements. AI competencies will make bigger accuracy and precision in the use of force which will also assist enhance implementation of international humanitarian law’s protections for civilians.  However, due to the fragility of many AI systems, because the systems are poorly designed, inadequately tested, or commanders and operators do not possess an adequate understanding of the abilities and limitations of these systems. The same is actual across each sector. Safe and accountable norms are wished beyond army applications  such as education, banking, and law enforcement applications.  Approaching navy applications of AI and autonomy from a responsible pace viewpoint potential we must innovate rapidly to take advantage of the charge of technological trade and to harness the benefits of AI. What does this mean in practice, given the risks that I have simply laid out, and that many at this Summit have identified?  The United States has taken quite a few strides to make the ideas and practices that guide our strategy to AI in the army area obvious thru DoD’s AI Ethical Principles and Responsible AI Strategy and Implementation Pathway, each of which are publicly available. The United States is dedicated to creating structures that are reliable, making sure that operators can rent any weapon structures that use AI technologies with terrific care and in accordance with applicable domestic and worldwide law, and making sure human accountability is retained. In addition, we are dedicated to ensuring that AI competencies used during army operations are employed inside a accountable human chain of command and control.  Additionally, the United States, United Kingdom and France already made a joint dedication to maintain human control and involvement for all movements necessary to informing and executing sovereign decisions regarding nuclear weapons employment. This present assertion spells out honestly what accountable states with us today without doubt agree on  let’s make sure this most dangerous of army technologies is firmly underneath human supervision.  We’re very proud of our work in this area, and it reflects our deep commitment to promotion transparency, predictability, and balance in the adoption of emerging military technologies. However, this is a shared assignment for the worldwide community  action at the countrywide level is not enough to tackle the risks. Our collective capacity as accountable states to converge on an understanding of accountable state conduct can improve our collective security and demonstrate our collective management on the responsible use of military AI technology.   As a swiftly changing technology, we have an obligation to create robust norms of accountable conduct regarding navy uses of AI, and in a way that maintains in idea that applications of AI by way of militaries will undoubtedly exchange in the coming years.  We have spoken to many countries about this initiative already, and are grateful for the guide and engagement we have received so far. While this is an American record at present, it displays what we trust are shared values that many accountable states hold.  This Declaration consists of voluntary recommendations describing fine practices for use of AI in a army context. The purpose of the Declaration is to set up requirements for accountable behavior and put in place measures to make bigger transparency, communication, and minimize risks of inadvertent fighting and escalation. The norms described in the Declaration will grant a foundation to share classes realized from our journey to help guide states’ development and deployment of army AI.  It consists of commitments such as steps to:  Ensure that applicable personnel workout gorgeous care, together with terrific ranges of human judgment, in the development, deployment, and use of army AI capabilities; Engineer army AI capabilities so that they possess the capability to avoid unintended consequences and the ability disengage or deactivate deployed structures that exhibit unintended behavior; Ensure that army AI competencies are developed with auditable methodologies, statistics sources, layout procedures, and documentation; Minimize unintended bias in army AI capabilities; And make sure compliance with worldwide law, in particular, worldwide humanitarian law; These sturdy and transparent norms practice throughout army domains, regardless of a system’s functionality or scope of manageable harm. Adherence to these principles would make certain military abilities are reliable, and reduce the mutual dangers posed via the irresponsible use of AI, such as accidents and inadvertent escalation. They also maintain the right of self-defense and states’ capability to responsibly strengthen and use military AI. We are making the textual content of the Declaration handy to review. We recognize that states vary broadly in their approaches and internal deliberations on navy AI policies. Still, we have an opportunity to work collectively to make a effective global declaration about responsible military uses of AI and autonomy.  We have put a lot of work and concept into the ideas enumerated in this Declaration and we welcome efforts to strengthen this file and after the Summit. We have talked with many states before and during the summit, and we are encouraged at what seems like an rising shared commitment to accountable behavior.  We hope to get your remarks and partnership to turn phrases into action in approaches that enhance global norms and make it possible for all of the states here these days to advocate this Declaration. This is the spirit of this Summit come to life in an result we must all be capable to embrace.  We also hope that this Declaration is the establishing of a process. There is much work to be completed to advance a shared understanding. We want in addition engagement and opportunities like the REAIM Summit to make the norms the Declaration promotes a reality, thru follow-up dialogue, working conversations on implementation, and more.  We prefer to emphasize again that we are open to engagement with any us of a that is fascinated in becoming a member of us in taking this fundamental first step towards building an international consensus on accountable utility of AI and autonomy in the army domain.  We have a unique probability here, at the sunrise of the military AI area, to set sturdy norms of responsible behavior. We prefer to take this step forward together with the global community on responsible AI in the navy domain.

Feb 17, 2023

United States and Netherlands Quantum Science Technology

United States Quantum Science Technology

United States and Netherlands Quantum Technology  

Joint Statement of the United States of America and the Netherlands on Cooperation in Quantum Information Science and Technology, The Governments of the United States of America and the Netherlands. Recognizing that science, technology, and innovation have enabled transformative competencies across a couple of sectors, from strength to health and communications to transportation, and that the basis of this growth is the world lookup organisation and its regular introduction of new knowledge, understanding, and insights;  Appreciating that quantum data science and technology (QIST) revolutionizes both our understanding of vital phenomena as well as the development of powerful computers, impenetrable and speedy communication, and sensors with unparalleled precision, accuracy, and modalities;  Understanding that the emergence of such robust applied sciences relies upon on an intensive effort to expand theoretical and realistic understandings of QIST and to strengthen new tools for characterization, validation, and verification;  Acknowledging that international partnerships are key to combine the expertise, ingenuity, and creativity of our international locations to enlarge our integral grasp of QIST and thereby speed up the attention of new technologies for the advantage of humanity; and  Mindful of the terms of research and innovation packages in which each nations actively participate, and inside which both suggest for worldwide cooperation to be as open as possible.  The United States of America and the Netherlands cooperation and the mutual admire it confers, and intend to pursue the harness spirit of science, technology, and innovation promote QIST including however no longer constrained to quantum computing, quantum networking, and quantum sensing, which underpins the development of society and industry.  We intend to improve this agenda by:  Embarking on good-faith cooperation founded upon shared standards consisting of openness, transparency, equity, truthful competition, freedom of inquiry, safety and enforcement of intellectual property, and democratic values, thereby riding rigor and integrity in research.  Committing to create inclusive scientific research communities and address cross-cutting issues of frequent hobby such as equity, diversity, inclusion, and accessibility, so that each and every man or woman is in a position to totally participate and have an equal opportunity to succeed.  Collaborating in venues such as workshops, seminars, and conferences to talk about and apprehend the growth of research in QIST, which in turn will lead to the identification of overlapping hobbies and possibilities for future scientific cooperation.  Promoting avenues to encourage a respectful lookup environment, facilitate multidisciplinary research, and share, on a voluntary foundation and on at the same time agreed terms, lookup methodologies, infrastructure, and data.  Utilizing existing mechanisms for collaboration that create possibilities for educational institutions, enterprise consortia, principal laboratories, and stakeholders in our international science and innovation community.  Enabling possibilities to construct a relied on world market and provide chain for QIST lookup and development, and helping economic growth, via enticing stakeholders together with industry consortia, research leaders, coverage makers, and enterprise safety stakeholders to grow the future QIST marketplace.  Supporting the development of the next technology of scientists and engineers integral to make bigger the field, which ought to include personnel exchanges.  Respecting the significance of our QIST ecosystems and taking into account that these communities will matter on close worldwide connections and collaborations, due to the fact that the solutions that want to be developed are at a scale the place no single entity can strengthen all elements for the broader ecosystem alone.  Leveraging multilateral possibilities to promote policy dialogues and discuss QIST matters of worldwide importance, including, but now not limited to, constructing protected and inclusive research environments, and pursuing approaches to address regulatory, standardization, and certification wants in areas where quantum technologies can potentially be applied, such as energy, health, and cybersecurity.  Exploring different manageable activities to be determined upon with the aid of participating countries.  We intend to promote cooperation in QIST as outlined in this imaginative and prescient for the mutual advantage of participating international locations and continue to enhance scientific cooperation beneath our respective leaderships. This Joint Statement does no longer create any rights or tasks below global law.

Feb 10, 2023

Green Lasers Blankets In Hawaii Sky Can Be From China

Green Lasers Blankets In Hawaii Sky NASA China

Green Lasers Blankets In Hawaii Sky

The National Astronomical Observatory of Japan has said that NASA believes the vivid inexperienced lasers had been in all likelihood from a China satellite. Wall of Green Lasers Blanket Sky in  Hawaii, Likely China Satellite Last month, a digicam from a telescope on Mauna Kea,  Hawaii's tallest mountain, captured some thing eerie: a wall of inexperienced lasers visibly capturing across the sky. The light show, which has been described as equivalent to the green code from The Matrix, occurred on January 28 and used to be caught by a digital camera operated with the aid of the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ). Initially, NAOJ said in a YouTube video that the lasers had come from NASA's ICESat-2 satellite, which maps and measures Earth's surface in 3-dimensional element to hold song of sea ice and forests. If it was once ICESat-2, the lasers would have come from its Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter (ATLAS) instrument, which emits laser beams that NASA says are bright inexperienced on the seen spectrum. Mystery put to bed? Think again. On February 6, NOAJ updated the video's YouTube description with a attractive notice: NASA established that its satellite was once not the source of the green lasers over  Hawaii. Rather, it was most possibly a Chinese satellite. According to Dr. Martino, Anthony J., a NASA scientist working on ICESat-2 ATLAS, it is now not by way of their instrument however through others, the update stated. His colleagues, Dr. Alvaro Ivanoff et al., did a simulation of the trajectory of satellites that have a comparable instrument and determined a most probable candidate as the ACDL instrument by using the Chinese Daqi-1/AEMS satellite. We virtually recognize their efforts in the identification of the light. We are sorry about our confusion associated to this tournament and its possible influence on the ICESat-2 team. The video of the green lasers over  Hawaii and the probability that a Chinese satellite—even one for scientific research—was the supply have emerge as a sensation on social media. Tensions are excessive after the U.S. shot down an alleged Chinese spy balloon, which China said used to be meant for civilian research. Daqi-1 was launched last year and serves a comparable cause to ICESat-2, being designed to display atmospheric air pollution the usage of lasers. Daqi-1 can screen best particle pollution like PM2.5, pollutant gasses consisting of nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and ozone, as nicely as carbon dioxide concentration, a 2021 press release from the state-owned China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation stated. According to the agency, China plans to develop extra Daqi satellites for environmental observation.

Feb 1, 2023

United States Of America India Civil Space Collaboration

United States America India Civil Space Collaboration

United States India Civil Space Collaboration

United States Of America -India Civil Space Joint Working Group Advances Bilateral Space Collaboration, Officials from the United States and the Republic of India gathered, January 30-31, at the Department of State for the eighth assembly of the  United States Of America -India Civil Space Joint Working Group (CSJWG). The meeting used to be co-chaired through Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Jennifer R. Littlejohn with the the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Associate Administrator for International in association of Interagency Relations Karen Feldstein for the United States, and from the Indian side Mr. Shantanu Bhatawdekar, Scientific Secretary of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in India. The CSJWG discussions blanketed collaboration in Earth and house science as well as human house exploration, global navigation satellite tv for pc systems, spaceflight security and house situational awareness, and policies for business space. Participants also regarded implementation of guidelines and best practices developed by way of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Use of Outer Space (COPUOS) to make certain the long-term sustainability of outer house activities. The United States of America and Indian Space agencies have strong bilateral cooperation in space. The NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission, planned to launch in 2024, is expected to systematically map Earth, using two extraordinary radar frequencies to screen assets such as water, forests and agriculture. The mission will furnish essential Earth science statistics associated to ecosystems, Earth’s surface, herbal hazards, sea stage upward push and the cryosphere. Chirag hirag Parikh, who is Deputy Assistant to the President and Executive Secretary of the National Space Council and Bill Nelson who is, NASA Administrator Department of State Assistant Secretary of State in the united states of america for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs. From the United States counterpart Monica Medina and Donald Lu, Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs gave welcoming remarks on behalf of the United States of America. The  United States Of America  delegation covered officials from the Department of State, NASA, Department of Homeland Security, Federal Aviation Administration, the United States Geological Survey and the Mr. S. Somanath, Atmospheric Administration of National Oceanic and the Department of Commerce Chairman of ISRO, and Taranjit Singh Sandhu, the Indian Ambassador of India to the United States delivered remarks on behalf of India. The Indian delegation covered representatives from ISRO, the Ministry of Environment, Forest.

Jan 27, 2023

International Telecommunication World Conference 2023

International Telecommunication World Conference

International Telecommunications Conference 2023

Naming Anna Gomez will Lead United States Preparations for the International Telecommunication Union World Radiocommunication Conference 2023, Anna Gomez has joined the United States Department of State’s Bureau of Cyberspace and Digital Policy to lead United States preparations for the International Telecommunication Union World Radiocommunication Conference 2023 (WRC-23). Anna Gomez has also been worked additionally serves as a Senior Advisor for the importance of International Information and Communications Policy. The convention will take place November 20 to December 15, 2023, in Dubai, UAE. World Radiocommunication Conferences are held every 4 years to replace the global Radio Regulations and treaty governing the international use of the radio frequency spectrum and satellite orbital resources. WRC-23 will be tackling a vary of iss United States aimed at facilitating new and emerging terrestrial and space based applied sciences that can join human beings everywhere, along with spectrum for next era cell broadband systems, satellites, maritime and aeronautical services, and scientific applications. WRC-23 is a great chance to improve the United States’ interests related to telecommunications, innovation, financial growth, and countrywide security. Ms. Gomez has a individual United States career in the telecommunications zone serving in each government and industry. Ms. Gomez was Previously worked as a member of the Department of State, Ms. Gomez served for over a decade in a range of positions in the Federal Communications Commission, inclusive of Deputy Chief of the International Bureau, where she developed and carried out coverage on global telecommunications and satellite tv for pc spectrum. She additionally served as the National Telecommunications and Information Administration Deputy Administrator from 2009-2013 and used to be most recently a associate in Wiley Rein LLP’s telecommunications, media, and science group.

Jan 18, 2023

Indo-French Astronomy International Mega Projects

Indo French Astronomy International Mega Projects

Indo-French Astronomy International Projects 

Indo-French Astronomy center of attention assembly on global mega-projects discusses science vision for the next decade. Indo-French Astronomy science vision for the subsequent decade and multiwavelength synergy science in mega-projects was once mentioned at the Indo-French center of attention assembly on ‘Square Kilometre Array Observatory (SKAO)/ Maunakea Spectroscopic Explorer (MSE) and multiwavelength synergies’ recently with a aim to set up a comprehensive long-term partnership in the discipline of astronomy. DST secretary Dr. S. Chandrasekhar, the chief guest of the conference, highlighted the significance of an astronomy science imaginative and prescient for each international locations to growth in the self-discipline at the assembly hosted with the aid of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), an independent institute of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and delivered that CEFIPRA has been a mannequin business enterprise in assisting bilateral packages in the superior areas of science and technology inside France and India. The meeting used to be organised from 9-13 January in the IIA campus in Bengaluru through the Indo-French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research (IFCPAR/CEFIPRA), an organization supported with the aid of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India and the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Government of France to talk about collaborative projects in astronomy like the Square Kilometre Array Observatory (SKAO), an upcoming worldwide radio observatory to be placed in South Africa and Australia in which both India and France are key partners. While talking at the meeting, Dr. François-Xavier Mortreuil, Attaché for Sciences and Higher Education, the French embassy in Bangalore, India, stated that higher education and lookup are internally related and in the course of his current go to to Delhi President Emmanuel Macron, emphasized that it was once one of the top priorities of the French authorities to come in advance and advance a bilateral program of change at the RandD and University stage inside India and the embassy appears forward to helping many greater bilateral projects in the coming years. Dr.  Varshney, Adviser and Head, International Cooperation, DST, agreed that the assembly was once very well timed to deliver the community of observers, theoreticians, and instrumentation scientists together to tackle the forefront science desires for the subsequent decade, diagram multiwavelength synergy projects, and reinforce collaboration, where both the countries, and their European partners are deeply involved at the crucial technological and scientific levels. Dr. Nitin Seth, the CEFIPRA Director, spoke about the new revolutionary initiatives of CEFIPRA in 2023, such as the Indo-French Postdoctoral fellowship application for Women in Science.  higher lecturers and are doing our bit to make certain that large objectives laid by using both the governments are achieved,”  Professor C. Muthumariappan of IIA, the Indian PI of the meeting, brought that the exchange of students and researchers between India and France enhances scientific and cultural exchange to attain sustainable Several projects have been discussed to map areas of collaboration and the sketch of the Indo-French Astronomy imaginative and prescient layout for the next decade. The convention had many discussions on the shared projects, as well as on key scientific questions that astronomers in India and France can collaborate on. Hands-on education periods were organised on data evaluation for the scholar community as well. In addition, there was once a distinct center of attention on promotion gender balance, diversity, and inclusion in astronomy, as nicely as projects for public outreach and pupil involvement. Indian projects that are deliberate for the future, like Aditya-L1 solar space mission, the Indian Spectroscopic Space Telescope, National Large Solar Telescope, National Large Optical Telescope, etc., had been also discussed. The assembly attracted round a hundred scientists, engineers, and college students from both countries. India and France are companions in many upcoming worldwide telescope mega-projects, and many institutions in the two nations are main a number of work packages and precursor projects. The assembly was once also supported by using the French Embassy in Delhi and Bangalore, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) Women in Astronomy Working Group (WG), and the SKA conversation workplace inside India and France.

Jan 16, 2023

Evidence Of Solitary Waves Near Mars

Evidence Solitary Waves Near Mars

Solitary Waves Evidence Near Mars

First evidence of solitary waves close to Mars may additionally decode the thriller at the back of ion loss in the planet Scientists have discovered first evidence of the solitary waves. The study of these waves is critical as they directly manipulate particle energization, plasma loss, transport, etc., thru wave-particle interactions.Our Earth is a massive magnet, and its magnetic subject protects us from high-speed charged particles that are constantly emitted from the Sun in the form of photo voltaic wind. Unlike Earth, the planet Mars do no longer have any intrinsic magnetic field. This allows the high-speed solar wind to have interaction immediately with the Mars atmosphere, like an impediment in flow. It has been advised that even in a weak and thin magnetosphere as that of the Mars, one can examine popular occurrences of solitary waves. However, in spite of various missions to Mars, the presence of solitary waves in the Martian magnetosphere has never been mentioned earlier. For the first time, a research crew from the Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG), an self sustaining institute of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), has identified and said the solitary waves in the Martian magnetosphere with the assist of high-resolution electric powered subject information recorded by Langmuir Probe and Waves instrument on the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft of NASA ( The magnetosphere is vulnerable but fantastically dynamic and formed due to the direct interaction of photo voltaic winds with the Martian atmosphere.Solitary waves are the awesome electric subject fluctuations (bipolar or monopolar) that comply with regular amplitude-phase relations. Their form and measurement are less affected for the duration of their propagation. The magnitude and length of these pulses are discovered to be 1-25 milivolt/meter and 0.2–1.7 milliseconds, respectively. These pulses are dominantly seen in the dawn and afternoon-dusk sectors at an altitude of 1000–3500 km round the Mars. The dominant prevalence of solitary waves in the dawn and nightfall area is nevertheless a mystery and wishes in addition investigation. Through simulations, it is determined that the spatial extent of these constructions is very small (30-330 meters). As these waves are acknowledged to be accountable for the plasma energization and its transport in Earth’s magnetosphere, the crew is further exploring their position in the particle dynamics in the Martian magnetosphere and whether such waves play any position in the loss of atmospheric ions on the Mars.