Showing posts with label Polity General Knowledge. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Polity General Knowledge. Show all posts

WHO World Health Organisation Role In Corona Covid-19 Period

WHO World Health Organisation Role Corona Covid-19 test
Covid-19 WHO Role Corona

World Health Organisation (W.H.0.) Role In Covid-19


WHO World Health Organisation played a very important role, during global pandemic Corona Covid-19 Period. How is the world health Organisation WHO responding to COVID-19 disease ? WHO's response to COVID-19 Coronavirus disease combatting, addresses the strategic response plan to find out the actions for countries across the world, how to prevention, surveillance, containment, treatment, and coordination about the Corona COVID-19 Pandemic. like Covid-19, the W.H.O. World Health Organisation  served as a central coordinating body during corona covid-19 period to guiding containment, declaring emergencies an making recommendations about Corona Covid-19 with countries, for sharing information of Covid-19 to scientists to address stop the outbreaks of Corona Covid-19. However the United States President has criticized WHO World Health Organization for miss handling the Corona COVID-19 Pandemic and has alleged that World Health Organisation actions were China centric. However despite of the many allegations, World Health Organisation (W.H.0) actions against the battle of Corona Covid-19 cannot be overlooked. In December 2019 China reported to the World Health Organisation  W.H.O about a cluster of pneumonia cases in the city of Wuhan situated in China. Simultaneously World Health Organisation sent technical assistance to all the countries in the world, how to detect, test and manage the Corona COVID-19 potential cases in their country. In the beginning of the Corona COVID-19 spread, the World Health Organisation WHO experts were mutually agreed about the threat perception of the Corona COVID-19 virus. Still World Health Organisation WHO declared Corona COVID-19 as a public health emergency of international concern on January 2020 for the world. In the month of January 2020 the World Health Organisation W.H.O. warned the all countries in the world, that the Corona COVID-19 virus had the potential to spread on global scale. Once it was declared by the World Health Organisation, that the Corona Covid-19 has become a global pandemic threat, the World Health Organisation W.H.O played an important role, as a central co-ordinating efforts to tackle the Corona COVID-19 virus pandemic. Then the World Health Organisation taken the preventive measures like lockdown and social distancing and curative measures like the medicines and the trial run of the Corona COVID-19 vaccine. The World Health Organisation W.H.O has effectively and efficiently delivered the role of a global health coordinating agency for the battle against the Corona COVID-19. We all know that, and should keep in mind that the World Health Organisation WHO relies heavily on Corona COVID-19 data, which was provided and filtered by the member states. However the China has had a historical aversion to transparency and sensitivity to international criticism on the cases of Corona Covid-19 pandemic.

India America 2+2 Dialogue Public Interest Litigation

India America 2+2 Dialogue Public Interest Litigation Usa US
India America 2+2 Dialogue

India America 2+2 ministerial dialogue


India America 2+2 Ministerial dialogue is the highest level institutional meeting mechanism between the India and United States of America. In the India America 2+2 ministerial dialogue, the defence minister, foreign minister and secretaries of India and United States take participate in the 2+2 ministerial dialogue. India and the United States of America, started the 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue Framework in 2017 to discuss and evaluate their strategic engagements. India America 2+2 ministerial dialogue consider as the acknowledgement of India's rise as an economic and strategic power by the United States of America. recently the third India America 2+2 ministerial dialogue was  held in New Delhi. The Key outcomes of the third India America 2+2 ministerial dialogue are, the backdrop of the ongoing standoff at LAC, the United States showed its support to India in defending its territorial sovereignty. The India America 2+2 ministerial dialogue also discussed the threats posed by China in the Indo-Pacific region, and the spread of Covid-19 pandemic. India signed the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) with the United States of America (USA). In the India America 2+2 ministerial dialogue, The Status of Afghanistan was also discussed to support for its peace process. Letter of intent regardıng cooperation in the field of traditional Indian medicınes was Signed. Agreement on the electronic exchange of customs data was also covered in the India America 2+2 ministerial dialogue. India holds 2+2 ministerial dialogue with the following countries, US, Japan and Australia. The goal of this India America 2+2 ministerial dialogue arrangement is to enhance high-level engagements on bilateral, regional, and global issues. It also consider strategic, defence, and security relationship between the India and the United States. Both countries at the forefront BECA will enable the exchange of geospatial data and information between the India and the United States. the exchange of geospatial data will help to improve the accuracy of India's missiles in precision strikes.


Every Publie Interest Matter Can Not Public Interest Matter


According to the Litigation Evaluation, Every matter of publie Interest cannot be a matter of public Interest. The main source of valuable mechanism to redress the problems and issues of the neglected, alienated and marginalized sections of the society is Public interest litigation (PIL). The main objective of the Public interest litigation (PIL) is to protect the fundamental rights of people, who are unable to approach the court. in the recent times we see that, the apex court has noticed the indiscriminate use of the Public interest litigation (PIL), with an oblique motive of serving a private interest or harming a most important people and industrialist. Former Chief Justice of India TS Thakur talk about the concern regarding the misuse of the Public interest litigation (PIL), now days people are using it as an instrument to settle scores with corporate rivals and also for the personal vendetta. the Public interest litigation (PIL) come under the Supreme Court's jurisdiction under Article 32. The Article 32 is not a panacea for all ills provided by Indian Constitution, but it is a remedy for violation of any fundamental rights. The misuse of Public interest litigation (PIL) has become quite increasing and genuine causes of PIL have been reducing.

UP Attracting Multi National Companies India's Diaspora

Attracting Multi National Companies India Diaspora
Multinational companies 

UP Efforts To Attracting Multi National Companies

 

UP Efforts to attracting multi national companies to boost the economy of the Uttar Pradesh ( UP )state because the labour migration during the Covid-19 pandemic. Due to the spread of Covid-19 pandemic and US-China trade war many global multinational companies are reviewing their sourcing from China. Due to the Covid-19 lockdown, nearly 3.8 million migrant labourers and workers  from Uttar Pradesh have returned to their towns home from other states of India. In this backdrop Uttar Pradesh government initiating many measures to attract the global multinational companies which are leaving from China. The Indian Government new initiative "Atmanirbhar Bharat" motivated UP government to cleared a new investment policy aimed to providing a better deal to industries. UP government has also formed an economic task force to atract investment and announced best easy economic packages for multinational companies to moving in Uttar Pradesh. UP has announced promises to reimburse state goods and services tax (SGST) by 200 to 300 per cent of the capital investment. The UP Government's new sector specific policies are yielding positive results and, UP attracted an investment of over Rs 50,000 crore during the most challenging Covid-19 pandemic period. Therefore as a result of Uttar Pradesh government efforts, the huge numbers of the migrant workforce could be get gainful employment in locally. The Uttar Pradesh Government major focus is on the backward region of Eastern UP and Bundelkhand regions. The UP Government's new policies will apply mainly in the backward region of Eastern UP and Bundelkhand regions. In Uttar Pradesh The total number of MSME are over 90 lakh. The new policies announced by the UP Government will benefit for MSME in Uttar Pradesh, and investment from the multinational companies could provide better job Opportunities for labour migrating from the other states. The major multinationals companies, that gave positive response to UP Government's effort to attract FDI, in which following multinational companies include, Lockheed Martin, Adobe Inc, Honeywell, Boston Scientific, Cisco System, FedEx and Canada has proposes an investment of over Rs 1000 crore around the Jewar airport. The Germany's most famous footwear brand Von Wellx, which has shifted out of China, planning to to set up its footwear unit in Agra. 


What Is India's Diaspora Policy Challenges


The India's diaspora policy is not new, India's diaspora policy took shape during the regime of Rajiv Gandhi, who take initiatives to inviting Indians from abroad to participate in the nation-building. During that time the provisions for PIO card, OCl card, Pravasi Bharatiya Divas and voting rights for Indian citizens, who are settled in abroad was provided during the regime of Rajiv Gandhi,  in the present time, the Indian government has launched "Know India Program" in 2016 for India's diaspora engagement. During present time the major challenges before India's diaspora are Citizenship, the majority of india's diaspora want to retain their Indian citizenship. The other India's diaspora challenge is consular issues demands for illegal gratification and ill treatment by customs and immigration officials. Cultural threat is also a India's diaspora challenge, that are deeply conscious of their rich cultural heritage and to maintain their cultural identity. Another India's diaspora challenge is racial attacks. The recent incidents of racial violence in Australia and Europe is a major concern for Indian diaspora. India's diaspora is the second largest diaspora in the world. The Global Migration Report 2020 has reported that, India is the largest country of international migrants with a 17.5 million strong diaspora across the world. India's diaspora provides the highest remittance of $78.6 billion, which is amounting to 3.4% of India's GDP.

Mamallpuram Summit On Line Of Actual Control And QUAD

Mamallpuram Summit Line Of Actual Control QUAD
QUAD

Mamallpuram Summit On Line Of Actual Control


Despite the high level Mamallpuram Summit between the India's Prime Minister Modi and the Chinese President, on line of actual control dispute has become more deppen after several years gap. What are the reasons bchind line of actual control dispute ? Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping organized a summit at Mamallapuram on second Indo-China informal summit in 2019. Both the two countries Leaders had an in-depth exchange of views on overall, long-term and strategie issues of global and regional importance. However after the mamallapuram summit, in next few months the tension between India and China started on longest ever border standoff at the Indo-China border in the eastern Ladakh. The major reasons behind the current dispute at Indo-China border line of actual control are, The areas of contention along the line of actual control (LAC) has a higher degree of strategic relevance for both the country. The following reasons for tension between India and China border are, DBO the only operation airfield close to line of actual control (LAC). the another reason is Chushul Valley has a vital airstrip at a height of over 13,000 feet, due to which China is irritating with the pace of India's infrastructure development along the Indo-China border. India's is constructing a new road to a high-altitude DBO air base field, this new road construction is seen as one of the main triggers behind the recent clash between the India and China at Galwan ghati. China is opposing India's strong presence near China belt and the new road project at DBO, which goes through Pakistan occupied Kashmir. The line of actual control issue is considering that China wanted to distract the attention of its people from growing internal discontent from the spread of Covid-19 pandemic in China. Historical patterns shows that China is willing to pick fights in order to weaken external anti-China coalitions behaviour in Bejing. China want to stop the India's development on the border dispute region. A 1996 Indo-China border agreement prohibited by the use of guns and explosives near the Indo-China border. This enabled the Chinese troops incursions at the line of actual control (LAC). after the nine months of military standoff at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh, now India and China have mutually agreed to synchronized and organized disengagement from the Indo-China border dispute.


What Is Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) ?


What do you know about, what is Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) ?  The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QSD) is an informal security forum between the four countries, the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) members countries are United States, Japan, Australia and India. The idea of Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) was given by the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2007. The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) guiding principles are based on the secure rules based global order, Iiberal tradıng system and frecdom of navigation in Indo-Pacific region. The need to set up the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) comes in the backdrop of growing Chinese influence in the world politics, the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) members Malabar Military exercise played a important role in containment of growing influence of China in world politics? The increasing effects in the South China Sea. QUAD provide to India a powerful platform to advance its interests and involvement in East ASia, and make powerful coordination strategies between the powertul allies, and add strength to its Act East policy initiative. The Malabar Military armed forces exercise is a annual trilateral war exercise in which the United States, Japan and India take part since 1992. The Malabar Military armed forces exercise began to prevent the growing assertiveness of China in South and East China seas, and constant bullying of smaller South East Asian countries like Vietnam, and Philippines, which are under the hands of China. The long standoff military exercise in Himalayan borders the inclusion of Australia take part in 2020 Malabar Exercise. QUAD partnership has raised the strategic importance of Malabar For both India and Australia, who has present time strained relation with China. The Malabar exereise 2020 is a significant message to China, as a de facto military alignment of QUAD group. Military cooperation between QUAD countries is only a exercise to maintain regional peace and stability. The involvement of Australia into Malabar Military exercise is right step in right direction to containment of China in Indo-Pacific region, which will foo further New Delhi's strategic interests in the Indo-Pacific region.

Functions Of Finance Commission Pressure Groups Roles

Finance Commission Pressure Groups Roles
Finance Commission 

Functions Of Finance Commission


What are the functions of Finance Commission? and role in Fiscal Federalism of India. Article 280 of the Indian Constitution provide power to the President of India to form a Finance Commission every fifth year. Finance Commission is a statuary and quasi-judicial body, which is set up mainly to describe the financial relations between the centre and the states. The major functions of Finance Commission is to recommend the President of India to the distribution of the net proceeds of taxes to be shared between the Centre and the States. The finance Commission principles is to given the grants and aids to the states out of the consolidated fund of India. The finance commission also measures the augment of the consolidated fund of a state to supplement resources of local bodies. Any matter of sound finance interest is referred to the President of India. the emerging role of Finance Commission in Fiscal Federalism In the recent years are the major concern for the Finance Commission to deal the following functions. The Vertical imbalance of the revenues distribution between the centre and the states. The Finance Commission measure different stages of horizontal development. imbalance between states, that were present between two or more States. The Finance Commission also reduces the development gap between the states. The scale of distribution of tax from 10% of the total tax receipts to the Centre in 1950, to drastically changed record 42% tax after the recommendations of the Fourteenth Finance Commission. These drastically changed in taxes receipts shows the seriousness and emerging role of Finance Commission in fiscal federalism. The finance commission also promote the spirit of cooperative federalism. The Finance Commission's recommendations are only of the advisory nature and have no binding on the government to implement the finance commission recommendations However most of the Finance Commission recommendations are accepted by the government since it is a constitutional body.


Major Pressure Groups Role In Indian Polities


Pressure group is a political interest group, which exerts pressure on the government or the decision policy makers for the fulfilment of their interests. There are many types of Pressure groups working in India. Pressure groups types are based on traditional social structure,like Dharma, cast, Language, Institutional, and Commercial groups. Sanathan Dharma Sabha, Parsee Anjuman, and Anglo-Indian Christian Association are the Dharma based pressure groups. Caste based pressure groups are Brahmin Sabha and the Nair society. Language pressure groups are Tamil Sangh and the Anjuman-e-Terraqi-e-Urdu. Workers or peasants pressure groups are All India Trade Union Congress, Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh and Kisan Sabha.Institutional pressure group is Civil Services Association, and Commercial pressure groups are FICCI and ASSOCHAM. Pressure groups use various tricks and tactics to exerts pressure on the government to fulfill their demands. Pressure groups are primarily constitutional and peaceful, they do Satyagraha, demonstrations, dharnas, strikes, and organizing public meetings, by the use of media and ereation of public opinion. Pressure groups play a very important role in the democratic functioning of a polity. Pressure groups role in Indian politics is indirect but very important. Pressure groups also promote, discuss, debate and mobilize public opinion on major public issues. Pressure groups act as an agents of Political Socialisation and primarily instrumental in interest articulation influence orientations of the people towards the political process. Pressure groups role in the legislative process is play an important role. Pressure groups are actively involved with administration through lobbying and consultations with Pressure groups by the government, help in improving the quality of governance.

E-Governance Administrative System Welfare Schemes Impact

E-Governance Administrative System Welfare Schemes
E-Governance 

E-Governance Administrative System 


What you think about E-Governance Administrative System, Can e-governance be made more citizen centric participation in the administrative system more ? Citizen centric e-governance means the government services delivery though the eyes of the citizens. A citizen centric e-governance approach enables the government to improve citizen satisfaction by improving the citizen's service delivery in time bound manner. E-governance help much more the administrative system to provide citizen centric services through focussing on the vision of the citizens. Making most of the e-governance services available on citizen's portal should be Credible and faster delivery of citizen's services, giving access to right communication channels for the citizens.


Welfare Schemes Impact By Uttar Pradesh Government


Welfare Schemes Impact By Uttar Pradesh Government for the Scheduled Tribe (ST) population of Uttar Pradesh, which is according to 2001 census is only around one lakh, which nearly constituting a 0.1 per cent of the total population of Uttar Pradesh. The main Scheduled Tribe (ST) residing in UP are Tharu, Buksa, Bhotia, Jaunsari and Raji. On the other hand the Welfare Schemes Impact By Uttar Pradesh Government for the Scheduled Caste (SC) population of Uttar Pradesh, which is around 3.5 crore according to the 2001 census, which nearly constituting 21.1 percent of the total population of Uttar Pradesh. Many Welfare Schemes By Uttar Pradesh Government has launched significant bearing on the welfare of SC/ST population in the Uttar Pradesh state. In Uttar Pradesh the youth who belong to SC/ST population is getting skill training under the Kaushal Satrang Scheme launched by Uttar Pradesh government. The Yuva Hub Scheme of Uttar Pradesh government is providing employment to thousands of SC/ST skilled youth. The young population of Uttar Pradesh belong to SC/ST are eligible for a stipend of Rs 2500 under CM apprenticeship scheme. The Rani Lakshmi Bai Mahila Samman Kosh started by the Uttar Pradesh Government is addressing to the needs of women and girls, who are victims of heinous crimes. Under the Bhagya Lakshmi Yojana for poor SC/ST families the new born girls child are entitled to 50,000. During the Covid-19 pandemic the Uttar Pradesh government launched the Navin Rojgar Chhatri Yojana for an all-round development of the SC/ST Castes. Uttar Pradesh government has announced to launched a scheme to showcase the unique culture of its ethnic Tharu tribe, around the world. In health sector UP government has announced to depute Arogya Mitras at all primary health centres of Uttar Pradesh to inform people about government's health schemes. The entire tribal population in Uttar Pradesh has a lower literacy rate and the participation in work rate is also lower than that of all STs at the national level. the field of farming constitute the highest proportion (44.6 per cent) among the total tribal workers. The SC population is in Uttar Pradesh is predominantly rural. The work participation rate of the SC population of Uttar Pradesh is lower than that of all SCs at the national level. Recently the Uttar Pradesh government has decided to move 17 OBC list to Scheduled Caste, So that, to make them less vulnerable to competition as the SC group is smaller as compared to OBC.

ICT Role in government policies HRM Aspects Analysis

ICT Role HRM Aspects Analysis
ICT HRM

ICT Role in government policies


In nowadays we see the concept of the e-governance, which is the application of Information Communications Technology (ICT) in governance. Which is commonly referred as e-governance. The Information Communications Technology (ICT) provide the SMART governance services in simple, moral, accountable, responsive and transparent manner. The implementation of the Information and Communications Technology in government's policies will leads Efficient and effective management of government policies and others social welfare schemes of the government. The use of the Information Communications Technology (ICT) reduces the cost of the day-to-day operations of the government and increase the revenue growth. By the use of Information Communications Technology government services delivery Improved and the efficiency of corruption in the administration reduced drastically. The Information Communications Technology (ICT) Empowering the citizens to get the information about any government policies and schemes. ICT Promoting Participative Democracy in India by strengthening social audit, Transparency and accountability of the administration. ICT assuring effective response of the government towards the citizen's problems and suggestions. The Information Communications Technology helping in Quicker execution and implementation of government policies and schemes. ICT Technology providing best solutions for day to day government functioning. The example of some ICT activities in governance are virtual meetings, virtual summits, virtual judiciary, Virtual executives meetings,remote inaugurations of various schemes, e-tendering, and online education. In the period of global Covid-19 pandemic, the information communication technology ICT provided the smooth and fast functioning of government and implementation of government policies. To take the Additional and Better use of the Information Communications Technology (ICT), we needs to focus on 6Cs of Information Technology which are, Computer density, Communication Connectivity, Cyber laws and Common sense, to take the highest benefits of the emerging information communication technology ICT In effective and well governed country in the twenty-first century.


Human Resources Management HRM Aspects Analysis


Human Resources Management HRM Represents the management of the human resources of a country, human resources generally refers to people, who contribute in the growth and economic development of the country. The role of Human Resource Management evolved in Indian for the supporting and managing payrolls and manpower in a strategic manner for the growth of the business and economy of the country. The major focus of Human resource management is on the development aspects. The aspect of Human resource management aims to harmonious balance between employee demands & organizational requirements for the overall development of the employees and organizations. The Human resource management includes various aspects such as, Investing in Talent, Greater Emphasis on employee development, Motivating the workforce, the Use of new advanced technology, Competency development, Work-life balance, and reducing the demand-supply gap etc. The others aspects of the Human resource management is Socio economic upliftment of people through various poverty alleviation programs, urban slum development, and rural development programmes. The Human resource management is also contributes improvement in the field of Startup India, Standup India, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Swaniyojan Yojana, which are the major projects of the Indian Government Therefore the effective management of human resources of any country leads to vital prosperity for its people and economic growth.