Showing posts with label History Geography General Study. Show all posts
Showing posts with label History Geography General Study. Show all posts

Features Of Wildlife Eco Tourism Circuits Of Uttar Pradesh

Features Wildlife Eco Tourism Circuits national parks

Features Of Wildlife Eco Tourism Circuits


Features Of Wildlife Eco Tourism 


Wildlife eco tourism is the activity of observation and interaction with animal and plant life in their natural habitats. Wildlife Eco Tourism is the most important tourism assets for any country or states. The major threats for wildlife are diseases, climate change, human interaction with nature, poaching and illegal trafficking. There is a need of protection wildlife and biodiversity,by the help of governments and civil society. In nature species are connected through various food chain, if any species disappear it influence several others species. Promoting ecological wildlife conservation help in securing future food supplies and drugs developed from microbial organisms, plants, and animals. Wildlife activities are the indicators for various environmental problems. So we should stop the killing and trafficking of the wildlife animals and plants.


Wildlife Eco Tourism Circuit Of Uttar Pradesh 


The Uttar Pradesh has one of the richest wildlife biosphere reserves in the Tarai region. This lush green tarai region is the home of various types of wildlife biodiversity and fauna, in which tigers, elephants, deer, crocodiles, dolphins, exquisite bird species are commonly found. These dense vegetation and wildlife biodiversity are the dream come true for the nature lover. Dudhwa National Park in Uttar Pradesh is famous for home of various types of wild animals like tigers, leopards, varieties of deer and antelopes, elephants and birds. The dudhwa national park is full of, tranquil and green nest in the Tarai region foothills, which is an excellent weekend activities place. The rich lush green forests and the rivers flowing through the dudhwa national park give you the complete wilderness experience. Pilibhit is in the Uttar Pradesh, which is famous for Pilibhit Tiger Reserve located in the districts of Pilibhit, Lakhimpur Kheri and Bahraich. Which is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas and the plains of the Tarai. The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Project is one of India’s heavily forested place for tigers survival. The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is a home to habitat of around 127 animals, 556 bird species and 2,100 flowering plants. The fauna which is found in the pilibhit tiger reserve are tiger, Indian leopard, swamp deer, hispid hare and Bengal floricans. Katarnia Ghat is a swathe of pristine forest, which is situated about 200 km from Lucknow in Bahraich district. In the katarnia ghat, girwa river is the source of fresh water for gangetic dolphins. In the katarnia ghat you can find a roaring experience of tigers, leopards, deer and antelopes.

Main Industries And Industrial Centers Of Uttar Pradesh

Industries Industrial Centers Uttar Pradesh
Main Industries And Industrial Centers Of Uttar Pradesh

Main Industries Of Uttar Pradesh


Uttar Pradesh is the largest populated and industrial state in India. agriculture is the main economic activity in the Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh Main Industries are computer hardware, brass works, chemicals, stone products, jewelry, hand printing, cotton yarn, black pottery, silk dress materials, and betel leaves. The major Industries of Uttar Pradesh are agriculture, livestock, and fishing. Uttar Pradesh is the major contributor in the national food grain stock because of the fertile Indo- Gangetic Plain with irrigation facilities of canals and tube wells. Uttar Pradesh is also known for producing Rice, Oilseeds, Pulses, Potatoes, and Mangoes. Uttar Pradesh is also a reserves of many important minerals and gems source like dolomite, coal, sulfur, pyrophyllite, diaspore, limestone, and silica sand. The major Industries of Uttar Pradesh is handlooms and handicrafts.


Major Industrial Centers Of Uttar Pradesh


Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh is famous for cement production. embroidered textiles and handloom woven are famous in the Varanasi. Lucknow is known for its chikan embroidery, machine tools, furniture, automotive, distillery and chemicals. Agra is known for tajmahal tourist attraction and leather business. Kanpur are world famous leather and leather products production centers in Uttar Pradesh. Kanpur is the major leather manufacturing hub in the Uttar Pradesh. Meerut is the leading gold market in Asia and leading exporter of musical instruments and sports goods. Khurja is famous for pottery products. Moradabad is globally known for its brass work and Its brass handicraft products are exported all over the world. Noida is the main center of software and mobile app development in the Uttar Pradesh. Noida also known in the world for Information Technology, Automobile, IT Companies Construction,Infrastructure, Consulting,Electrical, Electronics Engineering Export, Garment, Textile,Advertising, and Media. Ghaziabad is known for educational and real estate hub. Ghaziabad is also known for automobile, construction, Information Technology, and engineering industries.

Urbanization And Slums Are Inseparable

Urbanization Slums Inseparable
Urbanization And Slums

Urbanization and Slums


The formation of slums are large number in developing countries rapidly urbanizing regions. The urban population in the world is rising, in the next three decades 60% urban population of the world will be in Asia, particularly in China and India. It is estimated that one third of the world’s population or one billion people are living in slum or squatter settlements. The largest slums population in the world is in the Asian region. which is almost 60% of the world’s total population. Urbanisation increasing in India because of rapidly growth in the services sector, due to which the population of cities are growing drastically. Delhi is the 6th largest metropolitan city in the world, and one third of its populations are living in slums with no basic facilities. Slums are illegal urban settlements considered as an integral part of urbanization. The slums areas have been become as a general urban phenomena throughout the globe. Urbanization means shifting the population from rural areas to urban are in search of better jobs, work and facilities. Due to the urbanization cities face the adverse outcomes of overpopulation, shortage of housing, shortage of basic amenities, environment pollution, unemployment and criminal activity. nutritional quality and quantity are very poor in the slums areas in comparison to other urban areas. levels of hunger and food insecurity remained high in slum areas and the people are prone to suffer from diseases like Typhoid and cholera, Cancer and HIV/AIDS. women and children from slums areas can be victims of social evils like prostitution, and Child trafficking. Slum areas are generally high incidence of crime due to the lack of education, law and order, and government services. the majority of slum  population work in the informal sector, which does not provide any financial security and others facilities for a decent living, so slums people remain in vicious cycle of poverty. Now Government has been thinking and taking new Initiatives for Slum Dwellers such as Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, PM- Awas Yojana Urban. Improving sanitation by opening clinics and healthcare facilities. Government should take new approaches to urban planning and to build sustainable, robust and inclusive infrastructure for the urban development.

How Regionalism Affect National Integration

Regionalism Affect National Integration
How Regionalism Affect National Integration

Regionalism And National Integration


Regionalism can be defined as the identity of a person or people within a specific geographical region, language, and culture. Regionalism create brotherhood and oneness among the people to promotes the welfare and development of the particular regions and its people. In India regionalism implies excessive attachment to one’s region, which can be threat to the national integration. The roots of regionalism started in the colonial british period, by exploitative economic policies disparities and regional imbalances. the Non-Brahmin Dravida movement started in 1940s in Tamil Nadu. Later, this movement converted for the demand of a separate  independent Tamil state. In period of 1950s and 1960s various intense mass mobilisation of violent nature take place for the demands of statehood. during this period in India many princely states and other states started demand for separate state. Regional regionalism movements also seen in the form of militant and fundamentalist groups for the separation from India on the basis of ethnicity and other factors. Regionalism create linguistic or ethnic minorities unite against the majority community in that state. Regionalism demand within a state by people recognition of their regional identities rises because of imbalances, inefficient planning, isolation some part, neglect of a region, Internal colonialism,survival of one region at the cost of the other region, imposition of a particular ideology, language or cultural pattern, and expression of ethnicity. Regionalism can create militancy, extremism, which is a threat for the internal security and national integrity. threat.Nationalism is a sense of feeling belonging to one nation regardless of their caste, creed, culture, religion and region. when people identifying themselves more strongly with their region than their nation, it is called the sense of regionalism. nationalism tries to unite and establish harmony between all citizens through the constitution, national symbols, and national songs, while regionalism put all efforts towards particular region and culture. regionalism is considered as a threat to the sovereignty of the nation. Regionalism promotes Vote Bank politics, which weakens the national integration and harmony. Regionalism weaken the Unity in Diversity. regionalism is not threat or anti-national phenomenon, unless the militant, and aggressive turn happen.Constitution has various institutional mechanism to resolve the threats posed by violent regionalism.

Scientific Aspects Of Indian Cultural Heritage

Scientific Aspects Indian Cultural Heritage
Scientific Aspects Of Indian Cultural Heritage

Scientific Heritage Of Indian Culture


The indian cultural heritage of scientific aspects are based on the innovative thoughts of philosophers or rishis. In the Rig Veda Astronomy, in the Samhitas and the Atharva Veda, medicine and mathematics are clearly defined. Science is the integral part of Indian cultural heritage. First of all India gave the concept of numbers, the values of decimal place and the zero as early as AD 100, the second century BC, and fifth century AD, by Aryabhata,Pingala, and Brahmagupta. Other spheres of science where early philosophers made major contributions are in the fields of geometry, medicine, metallurgy, and alchemy. The evolution of copper metallurgy, Bronze and the lostwax method of casting technology first started in India. Indian Culture is an ancient most popular cultures in the world. India is known for its exuberant rich cultural heritage, which include the combination of customs, traditions, lifestyle, religion, languages, rituals, and cuisine. The scientific aspects of Indian culture heritage are, Joining both palms together to greet in indian culture termed as "Namaskar". The scientific reason behind it that, this denotes the pressure points of eyes, ears, and mind. Pressing hands together activate the pressure points, which helps us to remember that person for a long time. Wearing second toe rings does not denote married women but also have scientific reason behind it, that a particular nerve from the second toe connects the uterus and passes to heart. Wearing toe ring on this finger strengthens the uterus and keep menstrual cycle regularized. Throwing coins into rivers bring good luck, but the original scientific reason behind it is that, in the ancient times currency is made up of copper, which is very useful for the human body. in the ancient times rivers were the only source of drinking water, throwing coins in the river was intake sufficient copper as drinking river water. Applying tilak or kumkum on the forehead prevent the loss of energy, while applying Kumkum between the eyebrows the points Adnya-chakra is automatically pressed. Which supply blood to the face muscles. People ring the bells before entering the temple's inner sanctum, garbhagudi, garbha gruha or womb-chamber. where the main idol is placed, the scientific reason behind ringing the bells is that their ring clears our mind and helps us stay sharp and keep our full concentration on devotional purpose. The bells are made in such a way that it sound creates unity in our mind. The bells produces a sharp and enduring echo sound for minimum of 7 seconds. This echo sound activate all the seven healing centers in our body. Applying mehendi lending colour to the hands. mehendi is a powerful medicinal herb. mehendi cools down the body and keeps the nerves from becoming tense. Sitting on the floor and eating is the position of “Sukhasan”, which is a yoga asanas and helps in digestion. This is the scientific reason behind sitting on the floor and eating. Why should not sleep with your head towards north, the scientific reason behind it is that, human body has its own magnetic field. Which is called hearts magnetic field, due to the flow of blood. As we all know that Earth is a giant magnet. sleeping with head towards the north, body’s magnetic field become asymmetrical to the Earth’s Magnetic field, which create problems related to blood pressure and heart work harder to overcome this asymmetry of magnetic fields. The scientific reason behind fasting is mentioned in Ayurveda, that accumulation of toxic materials in the digestive system makes us ill. cleansing of toxic materials keeps our body healthy, which is done by fasting, which keeps digestive organs get rest and all body cleansing correctly. complete fast is good for heath, but occasional intake of warm lemon juice in the fasting prevents the flatulence. So we have great scientific aspects in our indian cultural heritage.

Is Industrial Revolution Was Socio Economic Revolution

Industrial Revolution Socio Economic Revolution
Industrial Revolution 

Industrial Revolution


Industrial Revolution that took place in technology, also change various social and economic conditions during this time. The Industrial Revolution, started in Europe and America from the 18th century to 19th century. During the Industrial Revolution predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America changed into the industrial and urbanization. The industrial revolution started using the special-purpose machinery in factories for mass production. The iron and textile industries was the main player of the industrial revolution. The Industrial Revolution used iron and steel in the making of the cooking appliances to ships building. The steam engines and ships play an important role in the industrial revolution of the 18th and 19th century. 


Socio Economic Change Due To Industrial Revolution


Socio economic life of the people also changed due to the technological changes that took place during the industrial revolution in 18th to 19th century. During the industrial revolution, the innovation in the field of technology, brought to new tools and machines for the textile, steel and iron factories. The following technological changes took place during the industrial revolution in the field of textiles, During the industrial revolution period, the organization of cotton production shifted from small-scale cottage industry, which is performed by spinning and weaving tasks by rural families in their homes, into a large advanced mechanized machinery factory based industry. The boom in production of the textile industry began with the help of new advanced technical devices and machinery, like spinning jenny, spinning mule, and power loom. Industrial revolution also affected the agriculture sector in 18th-century by increasing the agricultural productivity in Europe. In agriculture uses of new types of equipment and technology, such as the seed drill, crop rotation, soil health care, development of new crop varieties, and animal husbandry increased the crops yields and nutrition for feeding a rapidly growing population. In the field of Energy sector, the mining and distribution of coal in Britain’s industrialization with the help of steam engine gave the new momentum for the Industrial Revolution. In the field of transportation the steam engines and railways played an important role in the industrial revolution during the 19th century by transporting the goods from one place to another place in the market. Social and economic changes also took place during the industrial revolution in the whole world. Population Explosion take place during the industrial revolution by the advancement in better medical technology and better agricultural food production. New Banking and Finance System emerged for financing set up new factories during the industrial revolution. The Industrial Revolution marked a dramatic change in the status of women. Women entered into the workforce first time to compete with men for jobs. The industrial revolution increased the middle class and Urbanisation. People started earning more money and started moving to urban areas in search of better jobs in factories. The industrial revolution exploited the resources for more production of goods in less time. the Industrial Revolution increased material wealth, improved lifestyle, and increase technology innovation. So we can say that industrial revolution was not a technical revolution but also a socio economic revolution.

Uttar Pradesh Revolutionaries In Indian Freedom Struggle

Uttar Pradesh Revolutionaries Indian Freedom Struggle
Revolutionaries In India Freedom Struggle 

India Freedom Struggle


After the annexation of India by the british power, Meerut became a major military centre in the Uttar Pradesh. The aggrieved Indian soldiers of the British Army revolted against the imperial powers in the meerut on 10th May, 1857. Indian soldiers captured the control of the meerut city in one day and marched to Red Fort in Delhi, which represents the symbol of control over the whole of India. The revolt that began in Meerut soon spread all over India as a nationalistic struggle for independence. It took one year for the British power to put down the meerut revolt freedom struggle.the meerut revolt is considered as first war of indian independence that continued to inspire the patriots all over the country. the role of people of the Uttar Pradesh  in the Indian War of Independence was very important. The Famous Freedom Fighters revolutionaries from Uttar Pradesh have played very important role In the Indian Freedom Struggle. 


Indian Freedom Revolutionaries From Uttar Pradesh


Mangal Pandey played important role in the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857. Mangal Pandey was sepoy in the 34th Regiment of Bengal Native infantry of British East India Company. He was the hero of Indian Mutiny of 1857. Mangal Pandey was born in Nagwa, a village of Ballia district, Uttar Pradesh. Begum Hazrat Mahal from Awadh rebelled against the British East India Company during the Indian Mutiny of 1857 in Lucknow with the band of supporters, led by Raja Jailal Singh . Begum Hazrat Mahal was from Faizabad in Uttar Pradesh. Rani Lakshmibai, was the queen of the princely state of Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh. She was one of the prominent leaders who rebel against the British Empire to protect her throne for her adopted son. She revolted against British power because her adopted son was not considered as the real heir of Jhansi. Ashfaqullah Khan was from Shahjahanpur, in Uttar Pradesh. Ashfaqullah Khan was a revolutionary freedom fighter in Indian independence movement,with Ram Prasad Bismil, Rajendra Lahiri, Thakur Roshan Singh, Sachindra Bakshi, Chandrashekar Azad, Keshab Chakravarthy, Banwari Lal, Mukundi Lal and Manmathnath Gupta. Who was involved in the Kakori train robbery case, the train was carrying British government money in Kakori near Lucknow. Chandra Shekhar Azad is well-known Indian revolutionary in the Indian Freedom Struggle. He reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association by the new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) after the death of its founder, Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan. Chittu Pandey is known as the Tiger of Ballia, the name Tiger of Ballia is given by Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose because of his impeccable leadership during Quit India Movement. Chittu Pandey was born in Rattuchak village in Ballia, District of Uttar Pradesh. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi was from Kanpur. He is well-known for the Non-cooperation Movement. He was journalist and the founder editor of the Hindi language newspaper, Pratap. Govind Ballabh Pant was Indian freedom fighter and the architects of modern India. He was the lawyers of Ramprasad Bismill, Ashfaqulla Khan and other revolutionaries who involved in the Kakori case. He was the Union Home Minister after the India independence from 1955 to 1961. Ram Manohar Lohia was the founding member and editor of Congress Socialist Party. which was broadcast secretly from various parts of Bombay until 1942. Ram Prasad Bismil was a revolutionary participated in mainpuri conspiracy of 1918, and the Kakori conspiracy of 1925. Ram Prasad Bismil was a patriotic poet.