Showing posts with label Ethics Morals Values. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Ethics Morals Values. Show all posts

Moral And Political Attitude In Present Politics Scenario

Moral Attitude Political Attitude Present Politics Scenario

Attitude Meaning Definition


Attitudes Can be defined as views, beliefs, and evaluations of people about something or object. The object can be a person, place, thing, ideology, or an event for which attitudes can be positive or negative. Attitude is formed by the influence of society's experiences, which can be positive, negative, and neutral attitudes towards any person, things or object. our negative or neutral attitude due to the past experiences can be changed to a positive attitude. There are various methods or techniques for changing the negative attitude into the positive attitude. Attitudes are very important for an individual, because they guide individual's thought, behaviour, and feelings towards any person, event, idea or object. attitudes of any person are useful for mediate between a person’s internal needs and the external environment to achieve their basic goals.


Moral Attitude


Moral attitudes are tells us about the moral beliefs, what is right and what is wrong action. Moral attitudes are more stronger than the moral principles. Moral attitudes are the highest ethical natural values, which include Goodness, purity, truthfulness, and humanity. Moral attitudes can be different person to person, which depend on people actions, will and striving, love and hatred, joy and sorrow. The qualities of moral attitudes are reverence,faithfulness, veracity, and goodness.


Political Attitudes


Political attitudes frame political behaviour. Political attitudes are useful for the public life covered by political psychology. political attitudes are important for the views on nationalism, political conservatism, political liberalism, and political radicalism. Political attitudes are extremely liberal and extremely conservative. Political attitude are the operation of a particular political system, which include knowledge and skills for the operation of the political system and decision making. The political attitudes are formed on the basis of political ideology,social, economic, cultural, and international policy.


Political Attitude In Present Political Scenario


In the present political scenario the role of political attitude and ideology is very important to determining ethics in politics. Political ideology is the best service for the well-being of the society, so the healthy political attitudes are required for the constructive politics in present political scenario. Positive Political attitude is necessary for working of assemblies and Parliament, which is ethical demand of constitution and the citizen of the country. Ethics in politics are very important for positive political attitude to attracts youths toward politics and establishes faith in democracy in difficult times, when country needs. Positive political attitude can lead to zero tolerance toward corruption, welfare for weaker sections in the society, and listening to public grievances. On the other hand negative political attitude can lead to the regionalism, communalism, polarization of the public during election. Every political party should have pro-people political ideology, but present times political scenario hardly do they follow pro-people political ideology, because for electoral gains.in the present times politics individual politician's political attitude comes into action, which results in the form of bribery, lobbying, fake protests, walkout, insensitive defamation on other parties and perks politics in the present times political scenario.

Is Judicial Control Necessary In Public Administration

Judicial Control Necessary Public Administration
Judicial Control In Public Administration

Judicial Control Over Public Administration


As We all know that, the Public administration exercises a large volume of power for the welfare of the state. Public administration except administrative work is also involved in quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial functions, which can make administrative officials arbitrary or master of the citizens. So it is very necessary to control over the administration power by judicial control. the courts examine the Legality of the administration officials act and safeguard the essential fundamental rights of the citizens. The object of administration act judicial review is to ensure, that the administrative officials does not abuse its power and the citizens receives administration fair treatment. The judicial court has the power to hold any unconstitutional action, law or order by public administration authority to protect the citizens against the excesses of public administration officials. The judicial court can only intervene in public administration cases, when they are invited to do so by any person, who have been abrogated by the public administration official.


Judicial Control Froms Over Public Administration


There are several forms of Judicial control over public administration, The judicial review is very important method of judicial control over the public administration to examine the legality and constitutionality of administrative acts of officials. Criminal and Civil Suits against public administration officials giving two months notice regarding criminal proceedings against an official for the acts done in his official capacity.Habeas Corpus means is that the person in unlawfully or illegally detained, will be set free.


Judicial Control Limitations Over Public Administration


The effectiveness of judicial control over public administration is limited by many factors. the judiciary is not able to cope up with thousands of pending cases in Supreme Court, High Courts and Lower Courts. The excessive delay in the delivery of justice discourages people to approach the court of any abuse by the public administration. The judicial process is very costly in most cases, the poor are helpless victims of the administrative abuses and judicial inaction. the cumbersome legal procedure frightens many from approaching the courts against the public administration arbitrary. There are  several highly technical nature of administrative acts, which cannot be reviewed judicial control.

Change In Administrative Work Culture For Quality Services

Change Administrative Work Culture Quality Services
Administrative Work Culture Quality Services

Change In Administrative Work Culture


Work culture is a deeply implanted mental program that shows an individual response to the environment and daily behavior.Work culture empowerment to employees in an organization. Healthy and happy work culture is a great level of motivation for the employees to improve the employee performance. In a good work culture the employees give their best to take advantage of the opportunities provided by the organization, and employees feel comfortable working job satisfaction. The stronger the administrative work culture, the greater the work quality of service for the community. The stronger administrative work culture help for providing the guidelines of work and activities, that satisfies to the society's needs for various matters in daily life. The improvement in administrative work culture by local government, will develope social interactions with the administrative officials for the community work satisfaction. There is required constantly development in the administrative work culture by the use of information technology for the citizens to get the information easily regarding the work quality and services provided by a local government. government should make dynamic administrative work culture of its officials for the social economic development. a good administrative work culture in present times will provide satisfaction to the society's needs.


Quality Services Delivery 


Quality services for the public by the government administrative system should be adaptive to the needs of service recipients. Improving the quality services for the public, it is necessary for the administrative system to take various attempts for the resolving public of complaints. Quality services to the society by the administrative system, whether it is the civil services or public services should fulfill the community’s rights and expectations. Services quality provided by any organization or government's administration system are the result of comparison between recipients expectations before and after getting the services. Measuring the quality of services provided to the customer are based the gaps between the services expectations and services delivery. There are five gaps generally occur between the services expectations and services delivery. first gap is service provider’s ignorance of customer expectations. Second gap is the service providers do not know the standard of service expected by customers. Thirdly one gap is services specifications and services delivery. Fourth gap is in services delivery and the last but not least gap is customer's expectations about the overall services and the services received by the customer. The five dimensions are used in the measurement of quality of services, which are reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy, and physical evidence. The quality of services should be provided by government's administrative system to the public, community and society in the time-frame bound manner for the welfare of the people and society.

Ethical Perversions Of Private Sector And Ethical Options

Ethical Perversions Private Sector Ethical Options
Ethical Perversions Of Private Sector And Ethical Options

Ethical Perversions Of Private Sector


Ethical Behaviour is a set of fundamental principles used for operational requirements and operational prohibitions. Ethical core principles or values are illustrated with behaviors. Private sector organizations expect that the ethical principles should be apply in every case. code of ethics in any private sector are the most important guiding values, that are created by boards and senior management actively debate for decide core ethical values, roles, responsibilities, expectations, and behavioral standards for the organization. preparation of disclosure documents by private sector companies requires to disclose the fundamental business values, which is used by senior management to operate the companies. the Securities and Exchange Commission of the New York Stock Exchange and the Nasdaq Stock Market now make mandatory for companies to use codes of ethics by all the directors, officers, and employees of the company. The ethical perversions of the private sector is found in the form of manipulation of accounting standards, loose checks and balances in corporate. ethical and financial misconduct by the senior management of the private sector companies for personal enrichment.


Ethical Life Options 


Ethical Options are the introductory part of the organization to introduce and explain the code of ethics. The introductory code of ethics contains a personal statement by the CEO to promise and act consistently with those ethical values. The core values ethical principles are honesty, respect, fairness, quality, and customer satisfaction. the private sector organizations should make supporting systems to report suspected misconduct and where to find answers of frequently asked questions. Every private sector organizations should make statement regarding personal responsibility to know understand the expectations and requirements set forth in the ethics code and to meet those standards. There should be a unbiased platform for the employees to report suspected misconduct and if failure to do so is itself a violation of code of ethics. 

Difference Between Traditional And Modern Values In Society

Traditional Modern Values Society
Traditional And Modern Values In Society

Traditional And Modern Values In Society


Today we are living in modern world with the transition from traditional values to modern socio-ethical values. Although we are living in a modernism values society, but this does not mean that we are completely neglecting or forgotten our traditional socio ethical values. The traditional socio ethical values teach us about the preservation of joint families, the morality of respecting and taking care of our elders and old age parents, which is the collectivism values in society. The traditional values of practices mentioned in sacred texts show the harmony between man and nature and consider nature as sacred for humanity. The traditional medical values practices mentioned in charak samhita and ayurveda, which include surgeries, medicine and the importance of Yoga in the present times has been adopted by the modern world. The Indian traditional values of sacred nature of humanity and dignity treating the entire world as vasudhaiva kutumbakam, which means that entire world is one community. the traditional Indian foreign policy formed on the basis of sanatana dharma embedded in our upanishads. The debate started on bad traditional practices, in modern british India times, when Raja Rammohan Roy questioned about the practice of sati pratha, which is considered by Raja Rammohan Royas as murder according to every Shastra. In the same time in modern India social reformers argued on the justification of untouchability and inferior status to Dalits. And the debate also started in modern India for the women education. As we are moving and entering towards a progressive society. The modern times social reformers like Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar and Swami Vivekananda argued for the equality and dignity of every human beings beyond gender and caste basis differences. We see that modernism is confused with westernization, but in real meaning modernism in the wider spectrum progressive outlook in terms of present socio-economic conditions. rather than imitating the western values and practices. We should adopt correct combination of traditional and modern values practices for the well-being and welfare of humanism and universalism. We should promote Modern values and traditional social ethical values for the enhancement of human dignity and inclusive and equitable development along with social justice in the world.

Structure And Functions Of Attitude

Structure of Attitude Functions of Attitude
Structure And Functions Of Attitude

Structure Of Attitude 


Four important components cognitions, evaluative responses, behavioural intentions, and behaviors make the attitude structure. the attitude structure is a series of interrelated thoughts, feelings, and intentions, any change in a component of an attitude structure changes the others attitude structure because attitude structure is dynamic. The Cognitive Structure of an attitude includes an object label, rules, and a set of knowledge. Evaluative structure of an attitude make by component stronger positive and negative emotions, feelings of like dislike, hatred, happiness and love. Behavioural predisposition of an attitude involves a behavioural tendency toward the object to behave in certain ways that are consistent with that attitude.


Functions Of Attitude


There are several important functions of attitude which gives information about, who we are really. Functions of attitudes direct our feelings and thoughts about any objects or situation. Attitudes shows individual feelings, thoughts, intentions, and behavior which helps us to reach our goals. Attitudes help in reducing our ego, fears and anxieties. favourable attitude towards any object aids or rewards us, and unfavourable attitude towards any object punishes us. Attitude is a efficient way of evaluating objects and reinforce his or her self- image. Attitudes is a general evaluations about people, places, objects, and issues. Attitude functions guide choices, actions and a sense of identity and belonging. Attitudes can differ on the bases of objectivity and subjectivity. Attitudes functions can be differ in strength, some attitudes can be more impactful and predictive of behavior than others. attitude strength depends on both objectivity and subjectivity, objective nature of attitude are stability, resistance, accessibility, spreading. whereas subjective nature of attitude are ambivalence, perceived moral basis of attitudes. Attitudes can be stored in memory. attitude change with Implicit and explicit measures can be useful in predicting the behavior of any person separately or in combination.

Difference Between Objectivity And Dedication

Definition meaning Objectivity Dedication
Difference Between Objectivity And Dedication

Objectivity


Objectivity can be defined as the judgments and interpretations on external data, such as research study hypotheses, study of variables, measurements, control techniques, and observations that are free from bias subjectivity. which does not include personal feelings, beliefs, and experiences. Objectivity is the ability of a person to mentally update objects locations, touched, and heard from a different observation point. so we can say that objectivity is the quality of being free from bias In philosophy, which does not include one’s own feelings, imagination, beliefs, and perceptions. Objectivity is based on knowledge evidence, such as mathematics objectivity, Scientific objectivity, systematic and empirical method to collect facts based on proven testing hypothesis experiment for a reliable proof. Objectivity play important role in regulation of rationality, legality standards, procedures and norms in governance by the public authorities institutions. Objectivity provide decision making in governance on the basis of merit and evidences. Objectivity foster Integrity, impartiality, non partisanship, empathy, tolerance and compassion in civil servants for taking right decisions with ethical morality maintain impartiality and fairness.Objectivity improve public resource utilisation efficiency and public service delivery transparency in the public domain.


Dedication 


Dedication can be defined as the wanting for something for which you invest your time and energy to achieve something, because you feel it is important for you. dedication shows someone hardworking to achieve what he or she wants very important for him or her. We can say that dedication is also a ceremony, in which some valuable thing is formally opened or made available to the public. dedication in the civil servants is a motivation or passion for working in the larger public interest. Dedication help civil servants when they are working in adversities conditions, like posted in a disturbed area or far-flung rural area. In the present time all world is moving towards a consumeristic society with lack of compassion, concern, devotion for others and the community. without dedication civil servants could not be perform their duties under challenging situations.