Showing posts with label Economy Science Fact. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Economy Science Fact. Show all posts

Indian Vs Developed Countries Food Processing Industry

Usa Food Processing Industry

Indian Food Processing Industry 

The Indian food processing industry has a immense potential for value addition, particularly in the food processing industry. The government's Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) is making all efforts to encourage investments in the food processing business, by approved proposals for joint ventures (JV), foreign collaborations, industrial licenses, and 100% export oriented units. The Indian food and grocery market is the sixth largest market in the world. The Indian food processing industry is 32 per cent of the country’s total food market. The online food ordering business in India is building scale through partnerships. According to the Department of Industrial Policies and Promotion (DIPP), during the period of April 2000 to March 2017, the food processing sector in India has received around US$ 7.54 billion Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Indian Government Initiatives to improve the food processing industry in India, leveraging 100 per cent Foreign direct investment (FDI) in marketing of food products and various incentives, strong focus on supply chain infrastructure, Creation of infrastructure facilities for degree/diploma courses in food processing sector, Entrepreneurship Development Programme (EDP), Food Processing Training Centres (FPTC), and Going forward to the adoption of food safety and quality assurance mechanisms such as Total Quality Management (TQM) including ISO 9000, ISO 22000, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP), Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and Good Hygienic Practices (GHP) stringent quality and hygiene norms to face global competition, enhance Indian food processing products acceptance by overseas buyers and keep the Indian food processing industry technologically abreast of international best practices.

Why Indian Food Processing Industry Lagging

The performance of the Indian food processing industry is lagging behind compared to other developed nations. there are some barriers at different stages in the Indian food processing industry. Delphi analysis find out the following barriers through expert opinion and extensive literature review spanning across the supply chain, farm level, distribution level, and the consumer level. The top growth barriers in Indian food processing industry are, the lack of quality standards in the processed food, rain-dependent farming in India, high cost of cold chain facilities. practitioners and researchers don't have high quality technology. lack of attention of food processing policymakers in India.

NITI Aayog Objectives & Three Years Plan

Objectives Three Years Plan

NITI Aayog Objectives

NITI Aayog objectives is to the  development of nation and States with the overall development of the society, NITI Aayog priorities sectors and strategies to foster cooperative federalism mechanisms with the States to make the plans for the village level development, national security, and economic strategy and policy to take economic progress benefit for our society and country. NITI Aayog design long term strategic policy and programme frameworks. NITI Aayog learn lessons by monitoring and feedback and make innovative improvements, necessary corrections to encourage stakeholders and national interest. NITI Aayog take help from international like-minded think tanks, educational policy research institutions to create innovation entrepreneurial support system for the national and international practitioners and other partners. NITI Aayog maintain state-of-the-art resource centre for the good governance practices and sustainable development to stake-holders. NITI Aayog monitor and evaluate the implementation of programmes and initiatives, by upgrading technology  implementation to the execution of the national development agenda in the following sectors,

Agriculture Allied Sectors

Aspirational Districts Programme

Communication and Social Media

Data Management and Analysis Technologies

Economics and Finance

Education and Governance Research

Governing Council Secretariat Coordination

Industry and Infrastructure-Connectivity

Natural Environment Resources Development

Project Management Appraisal  Division

Public Private Partnership

Rural Development

Science and Technology Innovation

Social Justice Empowerment

Skill Development, Labour Employment and Urban Development

Women and Child Health Nutrition Development

State Finances Coordination

Sustainable Development Goals

Water and Land irrigation Resources

NITI Aayog's Three Year Action Plan 

NITI Aayog's three-year action Plan (2017-2020), prepared by NITI Aayog think-tank, has replaced the five-year plans of the erstwhile Planning Commission. it will also include a fifteen year vision document and a seven year strategy document. Under the NITI Aayog's three-year action Plan the share of non-developmental revenue expenditure imply substantial expansion by 2019-20 on education, health, agriculture, rural development, defence, railways, roads and other categories of development.

Leave No One Behind Sustainable Development Goals

United Nation Sustainable Development Goals

Leave No One Behind UN Sustainable Development

The 2030's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) central, transformative Agenda is Leave no one behind (LNOB). for Sustainable Development It is the unequivocal commitment for all UN Member countries to eradicate poverty, end discrimination, and reduce the inequalities and vulnerabilities in their countries. so that no one leave be, and all the people of all members states undermine the potential of individuals and whole humanity. Leave no one behind (LNOB) is not only entails reaching the poorest of the poor, but Leave no one behind (LNOB) is also combating to discrimination inequalities within all members countries, a find out their root causes. we have found the major cause of people being left behind is the continuous long time forms of discrimination, such as discrimination on the basis of gender. the result of which in the form of individuals, families and whole communities remaining marginalized, and excluded since long time. It is considered in the United Nations (UN’s) normative standards that it is the foundational principles of the Charter of the United Nations, which includes international human rights law and national legal systems across the world. Leave no one behind (LNOB) main focus is to eradicate discrimination and inequalities among the multiple and intersecting undermine agency and people which have no equal rights. the barriers for the people to accessing services, resources and equal opportunities are not due to lack of availability of resources, but there is many others reasons behind it such as discriminatory laws, policies and social practices. which lead to particular groups of people further and further behind. The UN approach to Leave no one behind (LNOB)  is designed in the shared framework so that no one could Leave Behind, Equality and Non-Discrimination is the Heart of Sustainable Development Goals, the UN Systems combating from inequalities and discrimination at the forefront in the whole world. the UN also supporting in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Leave no one behind (LNOB). the commitment to Leave no one behind (LNOB) at the country level requires a series of steps to identifying who is being left behind and why; find out the effective reasons to address that people; monitoring and measuring progress; and accountability for Leave no one behind (LNOB). Ensuring meaningful participation of all stakeholders, policy makers, planning and programming for Leave no one behind (LNOB). 

Effects Of Globalization On The Employment

Effects Globalization Employment usa

Globalization Effects On The Employment

Globalization can be define as the process of free movement interaction and integration worldwide among the people, companies, and governments. since the 18th century advancement in transportation and communication technology has accelerated the Globalization. The importance of studying the effects of globalization on the employment is necessary because, the main source of income for the great majority of the inhabitants of developing nations especially of the poorer groups of workers, who lack ownership of any other material assets except labour work. Globalization affect the labor market in both Positive and Negative sides.

Globalization Positive Effects

Positive effects of globalization show increased capacity of developing countries to create new opportunities for work and production.

Globalization increase FDI inflow, which has both direct and indirect effects on employment creation in the recipient countries. 

Due to Globalization any country adopted the new imported technology.

FDI also has indirect effects on employment through the new science technology, education and training.

Globalization Negative Effects

Negative effects of Globalization occur due to large-scale technological developments, which will reduce the demand of unskilled labor.

Foreign direct investment does not create employment for unskilled workers, it is only for highly skilled workers.

The traditional nature of work might disappear due to the advanced technologies, which creat new and innovative occupations only for the highly specialized skilled professionals.

Lack of new job openings, and effects on wage rates in most developing economies.

If WTO enforces the labor clause, which will have a negative impact on economic growth and employment in many developing countries, where child labor exists in miserable working conditions.

Most trade liberalization benefits for the manufacturing producing developed countries, while the smallest share for the agricultural producing developing countries.

Increased Informalization detrimental to development

In 1991 India adopted LPG (Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization) reforms policy, abolition of license quota inspector raj, which increase FDI inflow in indian economy.

Due to LPG Reforms India’s GDP growth rate increased 7 to 8% from the prevalent 2 to 3%, GDP growth rate. which created a robust private sector employment for millions of Indians over the years.

these jobs have either remained informal or have been lost with time.

Informal workers have low wage rate, due to lower wages low savings which are increasing inequality, and detrimental to development.

No provision for welfare benefits such as healthcare, insurance, and education facilities for Informal workers. expenditures on those things increases poverty, which detrimental to development.

No maternity leaves for Informal women workers which leads to improper development of the child, hampers human resource development.

Government should create formal sector jobs. Government initiatives like Make in India, Skill India, labour reforms, Insolvency code are the workforce formalized steps for the all workers within the country.