Geographic Features Of India Mentioned In Vedic Literature

Geographic Features India Mentioned Vedic Literature
Geographic Features Of India In Vedic Literature


The word Veda meaning is knowledge, and it is considered the language of the gods in human speech. The Vedas are the most sacred books of India, which contain the earliest literary record of Indo-Aryan civilization. In the vedas all aspects of our life spiritual knowledge and original scriptures of Hindu teachings are mentioned. In the vedas the laws of the Hindus social, legal, domestic and religious customs such as birth, marriage, death etc are mentioned.

Vedic literature Geographic Features Of India

Based on the Vedic literature geographical data, we can see the following geographic Features Of the india, Aryans country, The Rivers, The Mountains, The Seas,The Deserts and the name of the Places, Towns and Cities. Sapta Saindhavas is known as the country of aryans, where aryans settled down. In the Rig-Vedic Aryans did not establish settlements in the southern India. The Sapta Saindhavas was bounded by the Himalayas and the Aravallis in the south, Tibet in the east, Turkistan in the north, and Afghanistan in the west. The river Ganga and the mountains of the Vindhya were the barriers for the Sapta Saindhavas, and not easy to cross the Sapta Saindhavas in the rig Vedic period. The Aryan culture was living in the region between the Yamuna, Sutluj and along the upper course of the river Saraswati. The Saraswati river in present time is an insignificant stream, losing itself in the desert of Rajasthan, but in the rig vedic period the river Saraswati flowed broad and strong. thirty-one river mentioned in the vedic texts, in which about twenty-five names of rivers occur in the hymns of the Rig-Veda. In the Nadistuti, the Rig-Veda enumerates several streams of the Indus system. The Rig Vedic people know about the Himalayas. No mention of the Vindhyas Mountains, Satpura and the other hills is found in the rig Vedic period. We did not find the reference of seas in the early rig Vedic text. But in the later-Vedic literature, Samudram is mentioned for the sea. The eastern and western oceans reference are found in the Satapatha the later Vedic period, which is known as the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. The Rig Vedic Aryans did not mention any kind of desert. However Maru refer as the country of desert mounds near Kurukshetra, which is mentioned in Taittiriya Aryanka. No name of the places, cities and towns are found in the Vedic culture, because Aryans in the Rig-Vedic period were the migratory nature of the tribes.