Functions Of Finance Commission Pressure Groups Roles

Finance Commission Pressure Groups Roles
Finance Commission 

Functions Of Finance Commission

What are the functions of Finance Commission? and role in Fiscal Federalism of India. Article 280 of the Indian Constitution provide power to the President of India to form a Finance Commission every fifth year. Finance Commission is a statuary and quasi-judicial body, which is set up mainly to describe the financial relations between the centre and the states. The major functions of Finance Commission is to recommend the President of India to the distribution of the net proceeds of taxes to be shared between the Centre and the States. The finance Commission principles is to given the grants and aids to the states out of the consolidated fund of India. The finance commission also measures the augment of the consolidated fund of a state to supplement resources of local bodies. Any matter of sound finance interest is referred to the President of India. the emerging role of Finance Commission in Fiscal Federalism In the recent years are the major concern for the Finance Commission to deal the following functions. The Vertical imbalance of the revenues distribution between the centre and the states. The Finance Commission measure different stages of horizontal development. imbalance between states, that were present between two or more States. The Finance Commission also reduces the development gap between the states. The scale of distribution of tax from 10% of the total tax receipts to the Centre in 1950, to drastically changed record 42% tax after the recommendations of the Fourteenth Finance Commission. These drastically changed in taxes receipts shows the seriousness and emerging role of Finance Commission in fiscal federalism. The finance commission also promote the spirit of cooperative federalism. The Finance Commission's recommendations are only of the advisory nature and have no binding on the government to implement the finance commission recommendations However most of the Finance Commission recommendations are accepted by the government since it is a constitutional body.

Major Pressure Groups Role In Indian Polities

Pressure group is a political interest group, which exerts pressure on the government or the decision policy makers for the fulfilment of their interests. There are many types of Pressure groups working in India. Pressure groups types are based on traditional social structure,like Dharma, cast, Language, Institutional, and Commercial groups. Sanathan Dharma Sabha, Parsee Anjuman, and Anglo-Indian Christian Association are the Dharma based pressure groups. Caste based pressure groups are Brahmin Sabha and the Nair society. Language pressure groups are Tamil Sangh and the Anjuman-e-Terraqi-e-Urdu. Workers or peasants pressure groups are All India Trade Union Congress, Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh and Kisan Sabha.Institutional pressure group is Civil Services Association, and Commercial pressure groups are FICCI and ASSOCHAM. Pressure groups use various tricks and tactics to exerts pressure on the government to fulfill their demands. Pressure groups are primarily constitutional and peaceful, they do Satyagraha, demonstrations, dharnas, strikes, and organizing public meetings, by the use of media and ereation of public opinion. Pressure groups play a very important role in the democratic functioning of a polity. Pressure groups role in Indian politics is indirect but very important. Pressure groups also promote, discuss, debate and mobilize public opinion on major public issues. Pressure groups act as an agents of Political Socialisation and primarily instrumental in interest articulation influence orientations of the people towards the political process. Pressure groups role in the legislative process is play an important role. Pressure groups are actively involved with administration through lobbying and consultations with Pressure groups by the government, help in improving the quality of governance.