Impacts Of West In The Field Of Indian Education

West Field Of Education

Impacts Of West On Indian Education


Pre-colonial Indian Education System 


In the pre-colonial India the education system was monopolised. In the Hindu religion, the higher religious and philosophical knowledge only provided to the Brahmins, and they occupied primarily positions like priests and teachers in the society. Sanskrit was the medium of religious and philosophical education in pre-colonial India, because Sanskrit was considered as the sacred language. Technical knowledge like architecture, metallurgy, etc. was hereditarily. the women, lower castes and underprivileged people was barred from accessing the education.


Impacts Of  West In Indian Education


The Macaulay introduced new modern education system in India. In 1835 the English Education Act was passed by the Council of India, for a different reason to educating and empowering the Indians. So that they administer a large British colony in India, because It was impossible for the British to import the large numbers of educated people from Britain. in 1835. T.B. Macaulay drafted new Indian education system and started schools, colleges and universities in India. in 1857 Bombay, Madras and Calcutta Universities were established for imparting English and modern education for Indians, to be loyal to the British and act as the pillars of the British Empire.


Role of Educated Middle Class Indians


The economic and administrative educated on the one side and the growth of Western education study of European history, political thought and revolutionary ideas, gave the birth of new modern Indian intelligentsia social class. Initially the neo-social class created by the British Raj, in which trading and business communities, landlords, money lenders, English-educated Indians employed in imperial subordinate services, lawyers and doctors, initially it was in the favour of colonial administration. But, soon the intelligentsia social class realised that their interests would be better served only in independent India. So they started promoting patriotism amongst the people. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Swami Vivekananda, Aurobindo Ghose, Gopala Krishna Gokhale, Dadabhai Naoroji, Feroz Shah Mehta, Surendra Nath Banerjea and others started the social, religious and political movements in India. Educated Indians ideas of nationalism, democracy, socialism, right of a free press, the right of free speech and the right of association came into existence, due to the rapid expansion of Rail transport network, postal, telegraph and wireless services all over India.