Mar 25, 2022

Concept Of Nation Citizenship In Context Of Communalism

Concept Nation Citizenship Communalism

Concept Of Nation Citizenship And Communalism



Nation is taken from the Latin word nasci, which meaning is to be free. Nation is defined as a combination of cultural and political factors, by which group of people bound together with a common language, religion, history and traditional values. These classically statehood factors gave the birth of nationalism concept.


Citizenship is related to the concept of nation, in which the members of a nation or state take a membership relation between the individual and the nation or state, in which the members and the nation are bound together by a reciprocal rights and responsibilities. According to the T. H. Marshall citizenship is a full and equal membership in a political community. citizenship has been evolving and changing according to the invented nature of nation.


In a broad sense communalism meaning is a strong attachment to their own community. Particularly in India, communalism meaning is to suppresses distinctions within the community and emphasizes the essential unity of the community against other communities. this practice of communalism increase the belief of orthodox tenets, intolerance and hatred of other religions. Which divides the society. We should approach a positive aspect of communalism for the affinity of an individual social and economic upliftment. In India communalism has its roots in the religious and cultural diversity of India. communalism has been used by political parties as a tool to create divide, differences and tensions between the communities on the basis of religious and ethnic identity. Which led to result in communal hatred and violence. In ancient India different society and different faith people remain coexisted peacefully. In India Buddha was the first prophet who gave the concept of secularism. Another example is Ashoka, who followed a policy of peace and religious tolerance. In Medieval India arrival of Islam marked occasional communalism violence by Mahmud Ghazni and Mahmud Ghor to attack on Hindus, Jains and Buddhists temples. While Rulers Akbar and Sher Shah Suri followed the toleration religious policy towards different cultures and tradition across the country.