Uttar Pradesh Physical Region Bhabar And Terai

Uttar Pradesh Bhabar And Terai

Uttar Pradesh Physical Region


Physically Uttar Pradesh can be divided into three separate regions. first, the Himalayan foothills in the North, second Gangetic Plains in the central region and last the Vindhya Hills and the plateau in the South. the Himalayan foothills is called the Shivalik foothills. The Gangetic Plain comprises a flat topography, lakes, rivers, and ponds because of the presence of two mighty rivers Ganga and Yamuna. the soil in the Gangetic Plain is highly fertile alluvial soil. The Vindhya region is formed of hard rock Hills. which also have varying topography of plains, hills and valleys. in the Vindhya region  there is an area of plentiful water resources. 


Geographical Features of Bhabar and Terai


The Bhabar


Bhabar is a narrow, porous, northern part of the Indo-Gangetic plain. It is around 8-16 km wide running in east-west direction along the Shiwaliks foothills. the Rivers flowing in the Bhabar region, which are descending from the Himalayas region deposit their load along the foothills in the form of alluvial fans. when alluvial fans merged together they form the bhabar belt. porosity is the unique feature of the bhabar because of deposition of huge number of pebbles and rock debris across the alluvial fans. The Rivers streams disappear in the bhabar region because of porosity, so it is known as dry river area except in the rainy season. The Bhabar region is not suitable for agriculture and only big trees with large roots thrive in the bhabar region.


The Terai


The Terai is about15-30 km wide ill-drained, and thickly forested narrow region to the south of Bhabar, which is running parallel to it. dry rivers underground streams of the Bhabar belt re-emerge in the Terai belt. in the Terai region there is a lots of thickly forested which provides shelter to the wild life. Most of the Terai region receive high rainfall. Terai region is agricultural land which gives good crops of sugarcane, rice and wheat.