Jan 5, 2022

Mussolini Foreign Policy

Mussolini Foreign Policy Fascism Italy

Mussolini Foreign Policy In Italy

In the Italy Fascism leader Mussolini want to show the world, how powerful Italy was under his leadership. Mussolini foreign policy had to be robust to re-establish the greatness of the Roman Empire. Mussolini believed that accoured and conquered foreign territory was the sign of a great powerful nation. Mussolini aimed was to capture territory in Africa and in the Mediterranean, for which he says term mare nostrum (“our sea”). firstly in 1923, Mussolini invaded the Greek island of Corfu to reaveng the murder of four Italian international boundary delegation. personal. in 1924 he did an agreement with Yugoslavia that gave Fiume to Italy. For expansion in Africa he strengthen the Italian armed forces hold on Libya, particularly to attack on Ethiopia.  finally In October 1935 Mussolini invaded Ethiopia, his first conquests was Adwa, and in May 1936 he conquered Ethiopia and proclaimed the Italian king, Victor Emmanuel III, emperor of Ethiopia. in April 1939 Italy further invaded to Albania. When Albania’s King Zog refused to accept a trade agreement, then Victor Emmanuel was made king of Albania and King Zog escaped to Greece. The Italy and Ethiopian War antagonized the British and French governments, so they sanctions and isolated Italy diplomatically. Then Mussolini asked help from Hitler, hoping that German backing British and French will further concessions to Italy. However, Mussolini policy failed to bring further territorial gains in Africa, and Italy became the junior partner in the Rome Berlin Axis.


Italy Military Disaster

When in June 1940, France was about to fall and World War II seemed virtually over, then Italy join the war on Germany’s side. Mussolini's foreign minister, Galeazzo Ciano bitterly opposed this decision and huge crowds across Italy on June 10 against this. The real war started for Italy, when Mussolini attacked Greece from Albania in 1941. In October 1942 the decisive second battle of El-Alamein destroyed the Italian position, surrender all of Italy’s North African forces in May 1943. and lost Italy extensive empire in eastern Africa, including Ethiopia. the Italian forces were fighting far from home, In short of tanks, antitank guns, clothing, food, vehicles, and less fuel. the military supplies for Italy forces could not safely be transported to North Africa or Russia. due to the shortage of steel, coal, or oil the Italian factories could not produce weapons. Heavy attacks by U.S. forces in July 1943, destroyed the iron ore production capacities in Elba, Tuscan coast, and damaged several industrial zones such as Genoa, La Spezia, Turin, and Milan. Naples and other southern cities were also attack, which killed more than 3,000 people.