United States Efforts To Strengthen Democracy In Western Hemisphere
Most countries in the United States and the Caribbean have democracies. When we sign the Inter-American Democratic Charter in 2001, OAS are approaching the ideal committed to member-states. We are working through our partners and the OAS to stand up for democracy, where it is under threat, and at the same time we are trying to turn the tide in countries where democracy is a dream. 15 On July, the Secretary announced a visa ban on individuals responsible for undermining democracy in Guyana. Today, we are working to prevent additional seniors from that country entering the United States. The Secretary makes it clear. The United States joins the rest of the region refusing to go along with it. We will continue to work until the Granger administration accepts the will of the Guyanese electorate. We welcome a renewed partnership between the United States and Bolivia, which became possible when the people of Bolivia held an election. We expect quick, free and fair and transparent elections with international observation including OAS as soon as COVID status is allowed. The world is watching to ensure that the voice and desire of the Bolivians is honored this time. Whatever they choose, America will work with them. In Suriname, we are on the threshold of a new era of bilateral relations. We congratulate Santokhi, the newly elected President of Suriname, and look forward to working together to strengthen our relations. The United States was happy to support the OAS Election Observation Team, which was on the ground to observe recent elections in Suriname. We encourage Haiti to hold legislative elections as soon as technically possible. The Provisional Election Council resigned on 27 July. Haiti must take immediate steps to create a new electoral council capable of conducting free, fair and credible elections. In Haiti's neighbor of the Dominican Republic, we saw recent historic presidential elections, including those in the COVID time of power. A peaceful transfer took place. We look forward to a closer relationship with the new administration there. Now in Venezuela, we want a peaceful change for free and fair elections. You may recall that on 31 March we proposed to move forward in the Secretary's proposed democratic change framework. we hope many of you will have the opportunity to discuss in-depth U.S.-Venezuelan policy with Special Representative Abrams. In Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega held the presidential elections on November 7, 2021 Announced, but dozens of political prisoners were jailed, and the regime refused to engage in the necessary electoral reforms for free and fair elections. To change that situation, the United States OAS and our international partners Is working with so that Ortega in 2021 can emphasize the electoral reforms needed for free and fair elections. If Nicaragua is to have a reliable election next year, it needs to be made expected. Improvement and establishment of suitable conditions for the campaign this year. Our message to the government is straightforward, Do it now or the pressure on you will be intense. To that end, we are taking action. On July 17, the United States announced additional sanctions, this time on Ortega's son, Juan Carlos Ortega Murillo. We also worked against another person and two institutions to enable and benefit from the corrupt activities of governance. There will be more pressure in Cuba, the regime continues to oppress the Cuban people, while it actively undermines democracy in the region. The United States is increasing pressure on the Castro regime to prevent the suppression of its citizens and its interference in other countries, particularly Venezuela. And this is a difficult time for governance. Its communist economic system has never been able to produce the resources necessary to feed its own people. Its economy is parasitic, relying largely on subsidies from the Soviet Union, and later on a revenue stream essentially from colonial relations with Venezuela. But now when the combined efforts of Maduro and Cuban communist economic advisors Has destroyed the property of Venezuela, so it is deeply affecting Cuba. Note that even as Venezuelans face extreme shortages at home, they send oil, diesel, gasoline, food and medicine to Cuba. Our policy regarding Cuba is to restrict its other major sources of revenue so that, the regime can be forced to face the shortcomings of its own model and to allow some major freedom to its own people.