May 21, 2020

Human Resource Planning (HRP) Meaning Process HRM Management

HR Management Planning

Importance of Human Resource Planning (HRP)

Human Resource Planning (HRP) Human resource planning (HRP) is the continuous process of  arrangement and making systematic plan for the achievement maximum output from the organization's valuable asset.
Every business is different the change in business requirements depend on the economy, weather and social changes in our country. Human resource managers need to better understand all these aspects of the business, for human resource management plan in terms of how many people are needed, what type of training is required, and how to compensate people. HR managers who write a Human resource management plan should address these issues. the Human Resource manager must develop departmental goals, and Human Resource management plans based on the overall goals of the organization. In other words, Human Resource department should not work alone but coordination with other departments of the organization. The Human Resource Management plan should reflect this. Many times a great human resource management plan is written, which takes a lot of time, but they are not actually put into practice for a number of reasons, such as the The Human Resource plan was not developed to make it useful. The HR plan Was not communicated with others in the organization. The plan did not meet the organization's budget guidelines. There was a lack of knowledge on how to actually implement it. Developing the human resource management plan and then making changes as needed is critical for valuable asset. The Human Resource Management plan should be directly linked to the organization's strategic plan. A plan must be constantly updated and revised as the organization changes. Any human resource management plan must have measurable goals so that the relationship of success is clear. An HR manager should always be aware of changes in forecasting, so planning can also change. It is important to ensure that HR managers are maintaining and communicating these changes.

Writing The Human Resource Management Plan

The Human Resource professional can begin work on the Human Resource Management plan. This is different from the strategic plan, it is more detailed and more focused on the short term. There are six parts of any Human Resource Management Plan, described here which are,
Determine Human Resource Needs.
Determine Recruiting Strategy.
Select Employees.
Determine Compensation.
Develop Training.
Perform Performance Appraisal.

Determine Human Resource Needs

The first part of the HR plan will include determining how many people are needed. The move involves looking at the company's operations over the previous year and asking a lot of questions, how many people were people hired? Did you have to scramble to appoint people at the last minute? Your current employees have What skills are there? What skills do your employees need to keep up with technology? Who is retiring soon? Do you have anyone to replace them? What are the sales forecasts? How can this affect your recruitment? These are the questions to answer in this first phase of the HR plan process. As you can imagine, this cannot be done alone. Other departments, managers and executives should be involved to get an accurate estimate of the needs of employees for now and for the future. Many HR managers will create a list of all current employees, including their educational levels and abilities. This can give the HR manager a bigger picture for current employees. It can serve as a tool to develop the skills and abilities of employees, if you know where they are currently in their development. taking an inventory, you may know that some one is going to retire next year, but no one in his department has been identified or trained to perform his role. Keeping inventory helps you know where gaps may exist and allows you to plan these intervals. Human resource managers will also look closely at all job components and analyze each job. By doing this analysis, they can get a better picture of what kind of skills are required to successfully perform a task. Once the HR manager has assessed the requirements and knows exactly how many people, and what positions and timeframes they need to be hired, they can work to recruit.

Determine Recruiting Strategy

Recruitment is an important job for a human resource manager. Knowing how many people to hire, what skills they must have and hiring them at the right time, are major challenges in the field of recruitment. Hiring individuals who not only have the skills but fulfill the attitude, personality and fit criteria for the job. Depending on the type of job you can place traditional ads on the web or use social networking sites as an avenue. Some companies give bonuses to internal employees who refer their friends. it is important to keep in mind that the recruitment process should be fair and equitable and diversity should be considered. Depending on the availability and timing, some companies outsource their recruitment processes. For high-level positions, outsourcing agency will be used to recruit people nationally and internationally. Outsourcing agency is a person who specializes in working with people, and they usually only work with high-level positions. outsourcing agencies are specialized in hiring people for various positions, including temporary and permanent positions. Many of the companies want to hire temporary employees because they anticipate only a short-term requirement, No matter how recruitment is done but, Recruitment is the process of obtaining resumes of people interested in jobs. HR manager review those resumes, interviews and select the best person for the job.

Select Employees

After you review the resume for a position, now is the time to work towards selecting the right person for the job. Numerous studies have been conducted, and they have different results, most studies say that it costs an average of $ 45,000 to hire a new manager. While this may seem exaggerated, consider the following items that contribute to the cost: Time to review the resume, Time to interview the candidates, Interview expenses for candidates, Potential travel expenses for rent or recruitment, transfer expenses for hire Additional bookkeeping method , Payroll and so forth. Additional record keeping for government agencies costs, insurance costs while imparting momentum to the new staff because insurance rental is expensive, it is important to do it correctly. First the resume is reviewed, and those who closely match the correct skills are selected for the interview. Many organizations first do phone interviews to further narrow the field. The human resources manager is typically responsible for setting up the interview and setting the interview schedule for a particular candidate. the more senior the position, the longer the interview process, even up to eight weeks. After the interview is conducted, the new employee may have to undergo a reference check, background check, or test before making an offer. Once the applicant meets all the criteria, the HR manager will assign the position to the selected person. At this point, salary, benefits and vacation time can be negotiated. Compensation is the next step in HR management for select the employees process.

Determine Compensation

The decision you make to pay people is more difficult than it sounds. A pay system should be developed that motivates employees and provides fairness to all those working in the organization. However, organizations cannot offer every benefit and benefit as there are always bottlenecks in the budget. government agencies should be concerned with compensation as part of their HR plan. The salary increases were needed due to the competitive nature of hiring and retaining employees. there can be many variables in the process of determining the right salary for the right job. The supply and demand of those skills is a determining factor in the strategy of market, economy, sector, or area in which the business is located. a company that works in Newyork may pay more for a similar job than its division in Dallas, Montana, because the cost of living in Newyork is higher. The HR manager is always ensure that salaries should be fair and at market value. different types of pay systems perks and bonuses offered by many organizations, training is a perk. Employees can develop their skills while paying for it.

Develop Training

Once we have planned our staff, recruited, selected employees and then compensated them, we want to ensure that our new employees are successful. We can ensure success by training our employees in three main areas, first is company culture, a company culture is the organization's way of doing things. Each company does things in little differently, and by understanding the corporate culture, the employee will be set up for success. This type of training is usually done at an orientation when an employee is first hired. Topics may include time off, dress codes and how to request procedures. Second is Skills training required for jobs. If you work for a retail store, your employees need to know how to use the register. If you have sales staff, they must have product knowledge to work. If your company uses specialized software, training in this area is required. Third is Human relations skills. These are non-job-specific skills that your employees need to not only do their jobs, but also build them around all successful employees. Essential skills include communication skills and interviewing potential employees.

Perform Performance Appraisal

The last thing an HR manager should do is demonstrate the plan. it is certainly worth a mention here, as it is part of the strategic HR plan. A performance evaluation is a method by which job performance is measured. Performance appraisals can be include many different things, performance appraisal 360 Review of career development No matter what the name is, these appraisals can be very beneficial in motivating and rewarding employees. Performance appraisal includes metrics on which the employee is measured. These metrics should be based on the job description develop by HR managers. A variety of rating systems can be used, and it is usually up to the HR manager to develop these as well as employee evaluation forms. The HR manager usually also ensures that every manager in the organization is trained to fill out an evaluation form, HRMMt more importantly how to discuss job performance with the employee. The HR manager then tracks the due dates of the performance evaluation, and sends an email to those managers letting them know that it is almost time to write the evaluation.