Different Methods Of Learning
There are mainly five different types of learning methods,which are,
Trial and Error Method.
Learning by Insight.
Learning by Imitation.
Transfer of Training.
Trial and Error Method
Trial and error method is the most prominent and simplest method in which learning occurs. A person placed in a new position makes several random movements, in which he fails, eliminated and becomes successful. It is learning by trying something, succeeding or failing.
This method was developed as a result of the experiments of conditional reaction by Ivan Pavlov and Watson. It is a process of replacing the original stimulus with a new one and associating the reaction with it. Pavlov conducted an experiment on a dog. He used to ring the bell while giving food to the dog. When food was placed in front of the dog and the bell rang the saliva spread to the dog's mouth, but it was also observed that when only the bell rang, but no food was given, saliva started coming out. Pavlov called the this response, conditional response. In learning by conditioned feedback, there is no choice or freedom. A good part of early childhood learning is the result of conditioning.
Learning by Insight
psychologists opposed the trial and error method. He argues that learning is not a blind and mechanical process. This includes insight into the total situation. In learning, we use our understanding as motor in insight learning activity. Learning by observation is learning by insight, understanding relation in the scene and learning by understanding the situation. After looking at the whole situation, the learner tries to make some sense about it and it gives him clues as to how to proceed to solve the problem, the way in which he should proceed and perform a task. There should be a general awareness of the consequences of learning
Learning by Imitation
Imitation is one of the most important process of learning. A man, consciously or unknowingly, imitates his partner's actions, manners and styles. A child learns to walk, talk and behave as its parent or sibling. It is therefore important that the first model should be replicable.
Transfer of Training
Transfer of training means that training is transferred from one skill to another. This is of particular importance for all types of industrial training programs. Simply put, the transfer of training from learning or not learning in the same situation will facilitate learning and performance in similar situations later. There are three possibilities of learning,
Learning in one situation enhances learning or performance in a new situation.
2: Negative transfer
Learning in one situation prevents learning in a new situation.
3: No observational effect.