Concept and Foundations of Management Study

Concept and Foundations of Management Notes In OB

The Concept Of Management Foundation

We will discuss in this article the concept of Management Meaning Types and Functions. The concepts of management functions and scope is given by many different management scholars time to time. The concepts of management foundation, nature and scope is described by different scholars. today we see around us many automobile, insurrence and mnc compnies high rise buildings. we also see Suited booted managers in these buildings and we thinks they have air-conditioned chamber and have luxurious lifestyle but in realty it is completely different. They have to do many task like planning, organizing, leading and controlling. Let's see what is Concept and Foundations of Management. Concept and foundations of management fundamental is the features study of management process, to enabling the companies both the immediate and near future operations, organize various resources against several constraints to accomplish predetermined objectives in effective and efficient way.

Definition And Meaning of Management

As there is no single definition of Management many people gives many definition.
George R. Terry gave the definition of management according to him, management is a process consisting of planning, organizing, actuating and controlling, performed to determine and accomplish the objectives by the use of people and resources.
According to father of scientific Management F.W. Taylor  says Management is to forecast to plan to organize to command to coordinate and control activities of others.
According to the father of Modern Management Henri Fayol says that Management is the process by which cooperative group directs actions towards common goals.

Process of Management

Management is a process by which managers manges human and material resources together and motivates  them for the achievement of the organization goal. Management is not a onetime process it is an on-going series of interrelated activities. The sum of these total activities is known as management process. The various Management activities is given below.

Goal oriented Process: The process of management by which the achievement of purpose of the organizational goals correctly and meaningfully is called a goal oriented process.
All Pervasive: all pervasive process is used by all departments of an organization to achieve it's goal, irrespective of size, nature and location. It is implemented at each level of an organization.
Multidimensional: multidimensional is the management process, which covers all aspects of an organization ranging from work, people and operations. we can use different mechanisms and systems are set up for each aspect.
Continuous Process: continuous process is a series of functions are performed in organization by all its managers simultaneously. It keeps running in a cycle that repeats itself again and again.
Group Activity: Management is never done in solidarity. It is a group activity that involves participation of all the people of an organization, including the managers and the workers, for the desired achievement of the organization goal.
 Intangible Force: Management in realty cannot be seen or touched,  hence it is called as intangible. But its effect can be felt and measured based on the results achieved by the organizational functions like increase in sales, customers satisfaction and growth of organisations.
Is management is a art or science, it has many aspects some thinks management is art and on the other hand some thinks management is science but in realty management has both art and science characteristics.

Lavel of Management:

There are three levels of Management they are

Top level management

Middle level management

Lower level management

Top Level Management:

In the top level management board of directors, chief executive or managing director comes. The top management has the highest authority and it manages goals and policies of an organization. The role of the top level management include.
Top management makes the objectives and policies of an organization.
It gives direction to making of department budgets, procedures and schedule.
They appoints executive and middle level management for all the departments.
They control and coordinate with all the departments.
Top level management give directions, guidelines, make shareholders benefits and make contact with outside world.

Middle Level of Management:

The branch managers and departmental managers are the part of middle level management. They are responsible to the top management. They manages organizational and directional functions. In small organization, there is only one layer of middle level of management but in big organisation, there may be senior and junior middle level management. Their role of middle level management is
They execute plans and policies of top level management.
They conduct employment training for lower level management.
They told and explain the plans, policy and goals of top management to lower management.
They send important reports and data to top level management.
They evaluate the performance of lower level management.
They also motivate lower level management to enhance their performance.

Lower Level of Management:

Lower level management consists of supervisors, foreman, section officers, superintendent etc. they are concerned with direction and controlling function of middle management. Their roles are
Tyey Assign jobs and tasks to various workers.
The lower level management guide and instruct to the workers for day to day activities.
They are responsible for the quantity and quality products production.
They are responsible for maintaining good relation in the organization.
They communicate workers problems, suggestions, and recommendatory appeals to the higher level management and explain higher level management goals and objectives to the workers.
They help to solve the worker's grievances
They supervise and guide the subordinates.
Theey provide training to the workers.
They arrange necessary materials, machines, tools etc. for getting the things done easily.
They prepare periodical performance reports  of the workers.
They maintain discipline in the enterprise.
They motivate workers.
They arrange all the production activities, because they are the image builders of the enterprise, because they are in direct contact with the workers.

Skills and Functions of a Manager:

The following functions of manager to runs smoothly of an organisations.






The basic skills needed for manager are










Neutral towards means and end.

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