United States Agreed To Buy COVID-19 Equipment From Russia

United States COVID-19

United States Agreed To Buy COVID-19 Medical Equipment From Russia


The United States is committed to the global fight against Coronavisrus COVID-19 pandemic. United States is a generous and reliable contributor to response and humanitarian action around the world for stopping the Coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak, but the united states don't have too much resources so, united states  cannot do it alone. The G20 countries agreed last week to work together to defeat coronaviruse COVID-19, and we are working closely with these countries and others to ensure that those severely needed supplies are found. After a phone call between United states President Trump and Russia President Putin, the united states will bought essential medical supplies from Russia, including ventilators and personal protective equipment. United states have agreed to buy Coronavirus COVID-19 related eqipments and medical supplies, which will be submitted to FEMA in York City. Both countries have provided humanitarian assistance to each other in times of  Coronavirus COVID-19 crisis in the world. It is time to work together to overcome a common enemy, Coronavirus that is a threat to the lives of all the people in the world.

Education And Sharing Day United States Of America 2020

Education And Sharing Day U.S.A.

Education And Sharing Day U.S.A. 2020


The President of the United States of America, declares April 5, 2020, as USA Education and Sharing Day, to all government officials, teachers, volunteers and United States Citizens. Donald J. Trump, by virtue of the authority enshrined by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, I call upon all people to observe this day with proper programs, ceremonies and activities. Let the next generation live a life of purpose and importance. Preparing for this purpose is one of our most important responsibilities. Education is essential to curiosity and strengthen the will to learn, education will develop character and prudence, and work collaboratively. On Education and Sharing Day, We pay tribute to family members, teachers, mentors, pastor members and other community leaders in the lives of our nation's youth, Investing through education and kindness and caring for each other. Education and. Sharing day is celebrated in the memory of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Lubavitcher Rebbe, a compassionate and visionary leader whose influence has already passed for more than a quarter century. Continues even after. This year Rabbi Schneider led the 70-year international Chabad-Lubavitch movement, building a faith-based network into a dynamic force for good, affecting millions of people around the world. While he witnessed the unimaginable tragedies that engulfed the world during World War II, the Holocaust, and the persecution and violence of the Cold War, the Lübwicher Rebbe maintained his fundamental belief in the liberating nature of all people's ability and education. Committed to the idea that education should pay more attention "with the emphasis on moral and ethical values, indeed the main motive for building character," he established college campuses and schools and centers for education , And spiritual development communities across our country and around the world. His legacy and lasting commitment to young people continues as an example of selfless service and devotion to all who know the story of his purposeful life. Life inspired by a commitment to unwavering virtue and faith The life and mission of Lubavitch Ribe Was central. When put into practice these values, empower people of all ages to fulfill their unique purpose and to grow and prosper our great nation. On this day, we acknowledge that each person has a unique purpose that can be attained through educationand skills, we need to renew our commitment to support education as a means Should be done by which individuals can  make their future prosperous. Develop your talent, and fulfill your God-given potential. We can work to create a bright future by preserving these foundations of freedom and fellowship for generations to come.

UN International Mine Awareness And Assistance Day

International Mine Awareness Day

United Nations International Mine Awareness Day


United Nations International Mine Awareness and Assistance Day is observed every year on 4 April. The United Nations International Mining and Assistance day provides an opportunity for the world to reflect both progress and landmines and unexplained ordinances. These explosive remains of war still endanger civilians in more than 60 countries. The United States has been working closely with partners around the world to address this serious humanitarian challenge, which involving innocent people, including many children. For more than 20 years, the United States has been part of the international donor community Leads so that, the availability of additional, loosely-protected, or otherwise least-risk weapons and light weapons and weapons Peace and security can be promoted by partnering with nations to alleviate. To address humanitarian threats and unexplained ordinances from landmines in post-conflict countries. The United States is the world's largest financial proponent of the destruction of conventional weapons, since 1993 has raised $ 3.7 billion in more than 100 countries. Invests more. In 2019, the United States funded conventional arms destruction efforts in 58 countries. Our assistance - to the government of the United States and to all our global partners is critical to building a more secure, and prosperous world. We should thanks to strong bipartisan who fund support from Congress, the State Department looks forward to continuing this important work with other donor countries, which are affected by the conflict, and the brave men and women who are involved in securing at-risk weapons and rebels Work in the field and clear landmines and other explosive hazards.

Decision Making In Organizational Behaviour

Decision Making In OB


Decision-Making


Decision-making refers to choosing between alternative courses of action, which may also include passivity. management work is to making decisions, half of the decisions made by managers is fail in any organizations. Why decisions fail Surprising but true, Half of the decisions in organizations fail. These decisions can affect the lives of others and change the course of an organization.

Types Of Decisions


Decision can be classified into three categories based on the type of at which they occur. Number one is Strategic decision which Set the course of an organization. Number two is a strategic decision which is made about how things will happen. Finally, third number is operational decisions, which refer to the decisions that employees make each day to run the organization. There are different decision-making models designed for understand and evaluate the effectiveness of the decisions. there are four decision-making models, which are,
Rational Decision-Making Model,
Bounded Decision-Making Model,
Intuitive Decision-Making Model,
Creative Decision-Making Model.

Rational Decision-Making Model


In the rational decision-making model a series of steps taken by decision makers to maximize the decisions outcomes results.  when making a rational decision-making model decision make sure that, you can establish your decision criteria before exploring options. This will prevent you from liking an option more and setting your criteria accordingly. advantage of the rational model is that it urges decision makers to generate all alternatives rather than just a few. By generating a large number of choices covering a wide range of possibilities, Despite all its benefits, there are many unrealistic assumptions involved in rational decision-model. that people fully understand their available options, they have no perceptual biases, and they want to make optimal decisions. Herbert Simon, a Nobel Prize-winning economist, observed that the rational decision-making model can be a helpful supporting tool for decision-makers it demonstrates how often decisions within organizations Are done. In fact, Simon argued that it might even come close.

Bounded Decision-Making Model


The bounded decision-making model limit the option for decision makers. In this decision-making processes the individuals have limit their choices to accept option without conducting an exhaustive search for alternatives. the first option that meets your minimum criteria. In bounded decision-making model, the decision maker saves cognitive time and effort by accepting the first option that meets the minimum threshold.

Intuitive Decision-Making Model


In intuitive decision-making model processes a decision is without conscious reasoning. A total of 89% of managers use intuition for decision-making due to, time pressures constraints, a great deal of uncertainty, changing situations, highly visible and high-stakes outcomes. Because they do not have time to use rational decision-making models. they rarely attribute luck to success. To the outside observer, they are guessing during the course of action to make an estimate, They do not decide between two or three options and choose the best one.

Creative Decision-Making Model


In creative decisions model an effective decision maker creat new imaginative ideas, flattening of intense competition among organizations and companies, individuals are motivated by creative in decisions ranging from cost cutting to creating new ways of doing business. In innovation process creativity is the first step, creativity and innovation are not the same thing. Innovation starts with creative ideas, but also includes realistic planning and follow. which may or may not work to solve real-world problems.

Faulty Decision Making Factors


To avoid faulty decision-making Nobel Prize winner Daniel Kahnemann and Amos Tversky spent decades for studying, how people make decisions and They found faulty decisions making factors. which are influenced by following factors, Overconfidence Bias,
Hindsight Bias,
Anchoring Bias,
Framing Bias,
Escalation Of Commitment,

Overconfidence Bias


Overconfidence bias occurs when individuals reduce their ability to predict future events. Many people display signs of overconfidence. To avoid the effects of misleading and overconfident  bias, take time to stop and ask yourself if you are being realistic in your decisions.

Hindsight Bias


Hindsight bias is the opposite of overconfidence bias, when times seem backward and mistakes are apparent because they have already occurred. In other words, when surprising event has occurred, many people are likely to think that they already knew that this event was going to happen. This bias may occur because they are selectively reconstructing events. Hinds bias becomes a problem when looking at another's decisions. so depending on the information available at the time, it may be a reasonable option to continue with a regular routine. Therefore, it is important for decision makers to remember this bias before passing judgment on other people's actions.

Anchoring Bias


Anchoring Bias refers to the tendency of individuals to rely too heavily on one information. Job seekers often fall into this trap by focusing on a desired salary, ignoring other aspects of the job offer, such as fit with the job, and the work environment.

Framing Bias


Framing bias affects the tendency of decision makers to change the way a situation or problem is presented. Framing bias is important because depending on, how a problem is presented to us, we can choose an option that is harmful because of the way it is made.

Escalation Of Commitment


Escalation of commitment happens when
increase in commitment occurs, individuals continue on an unsuccessful course of action after the information can be a poor route to find out. This is sometimes called "sunk cost impurity", because continuity is often based on the idea that someone has already invested in the course of the action. Effective decision-makers avoid escalation of commitment.

U.S. President on National Financial Capability Month

U.S. National Financial Capability Month

U.S. National Financial Capability Month 2020


U.S. President on National Financial Capability Month 2020, recognize the importance of financial literacy for an independent and prosperous society, U.S. President committed to ensuring that all Americans have the resources and opportunities to make financial literacy and create a brighter and secure future. Small scale businesses and workforce are the backbone of united states economy. U.S. continue to meet the challenges posed by the coronovirus epidemic, the presidential administration is working tirelessly to ensure the individuals and business owners, to overcome recent difficulties. We are taking concrete steps to protect the American economy and the hardworking men and women of the united states. U.S. provide historical economic relief to small businesses and workers, including $ 350 billion. the Small Business Administration (SBA) is working to reduce financial burden and helping their employees to overcome this epidemic. the SBA is helping America's small businesses financial flexibility for the next several months, with the Treasury Department and the Revenue generated by  advancing tax from April 15 to July 15 May include. All taxpayers, individuals and businesses owners will have this extra time to pay without interest or penalties. The all resources available to all Americans and your family through the Treasury Department, that will help you make sound financial decisions in these uncertain times. Financial literacy is very important at all stages of life, especially during crises and unexpected life events. During the U.S. National Financial Capability Month 2020 and in the coming months, all Americans to explore ways in which They can further develop their financial skill set and develop themselves for success and secure a brighter, more prosperous future for all generations.

Communication Meaning And Types In Organizational Behaviour

Communication Meaning Process Types In OB

Communication Meaning


Communication is important for organizations by which we coordinate tasks and achieve goals. It is defined in Webster's Dictionary as a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, gestures, or behavior. We know that 50% to 90% of a manager's time is spent on Communications, good communication help to retain companies star employees. Research shows that organizations who improve their communication and integrity also increase their market value by seven percent.

Communication Process


Communication fulfills three main functions within an organization, which are coordination, transmission of information and sharing of feelings and emotions. All these functions are important for a successful organization. In the communication process Coordination function within an organization helps people work towards the same goals, Sharing feelings and emotions celebrates teams and unites people in times of celebration and crisis. Transmission of information is an important part of this process. Effective communication helps people understand issues, build synergies with colleagues and gain consensus.

Effective Communication Barriers


There are following communication barriers in effective communication, which are,
Filtering.
Selective Perception.
Information Overload.
Emotional Disconnects.
Lack of Source Familiarity or Credibility.
Workplace Gossip.
Semantics.
Gender Differences.
Biased Language.
Poor Listening.

Filtering


Filtering is the distortion or stopping of information to manage a person's reactions. For sending and receiving effective communication members of an organization to get a complete picture of a situation, To maximize your chances of deliver messages information effectively, so that filtering effect can be lessened. filtering can lead to misunderstandings in the business communication, so minimize the filtering in communications.

Selective Perception


When we are moving to a new place small things can catch our attention. when we come to a new city or a new company. However, over time, we begin to make assumptions about the environment based on our past experiences. The selective assumption implies filtering what we see and hear to suit our needs. This process is often unconscious. We bombard each day with too much stimulation to get the same attention, so we pick and choose according to our needs. Selective perception is a time-saver, an essential tool in a complex culture. But it can also make mistakes. When two selective assumptions collide, there is a misunderstanding.

Information Overload


Many more messages reach us in countless ways every day. Some messages are social-advertisements that we can hear or watch during our day. There are other professionals e-mail, memos, and voice mail, as well as conversations with our colleagues. Others are personal conversations and messages with our loved ones and friends. Add them together and it's not easy to see how we can get more information. This state of information imbalance is known as information overload, in this situation it is very difficult, when the information resource demands real time interact and perform internal calculations.

Emotional Disconnects


For An effective communication their should be a sender and a receiver who are open to talking and listening to each other, regardless of potential differences in thought or personality. One or both parties may have to keep their emotions separate to achieve the goal of communicating clearly. A receiver who is emotionally disturbed, ignores or distorts what the sender is saying. A dispatcher who is emotionally disturbed may be unable to present thoughts or feelings effectively.

Lack of Source Familiarity or Credibility


Have you ever told a joke that went flat? You and the receiver lacked the general context that could make it fun. Or yes, it could have been just a cheap joke. Lack of familiarity with the sender can lead to inaccurate humor, especially in low-information channels such as e-mail.

Workplace Gossip


The informal gossip network known as Grapes is a lifeline for many employees seeking information about their company. Researchers believe that grapes are an essential part of organizational life. Research has found that 70% of all organizational communications take place at the grapevine level. Employees rely on their peers as a source of information, but the informal structure of the vineyard can be a barrier to effective communication. In addition, the grapevine create feelings of mistrust among employees.

Semantics


Words meaning can be different for different people, or they cannot say anything to another person. It is called semantics. communicating with others should be in standard language, free of jargon when communicating with staff members outside the group.

Gender Differences


Men and  women in communication work together every day, but their different styles of communication can sometimes work against them. Typically, women like to ask questions before starting a project, while men tend to "jump right in". Another difference that has been observed is that men often play in metaphors. while many women use their home as a starting place for similes. we have seen, differences in communication styles of men and women can cause misunderstandings in the workplace. However, being aware of these differences can be the first step in learning to work with them rather than around them. Keep in mind that men tend to focus more on competition, data, and orders in their communication, while women Not cooperate,  women focus more on intuition and requests. Both styles can be effective in the right situations, but the first step to avoid misunderstandings the differences.

Biased Language


Words and actions that stereotype others based on individual or group affiliation are examples of prejudice. Effective communication is clear, factual, and goal-oriented.

Poor Listening


A sender may try to convey the message explicitly. But the receiver's listening ability for effective communication is also equally important for successful communication. The average worker listens to 55% of their workday. Managers listen up to 70% each day. Ultimately, a good manager should listen at least as much as he or she needs to talk. Effective communication depends on another type of Active listening, which can be defined as paying full attention to what other people are saying, To understand the points being made, ask questions as necessary, and do not interrupt at inappropriate times. Active listening creates a real-time relationship between sender and receiver by accepting the content and receipt of the message. Becoming a more effective listener As we have seen above, active listening creates a more dynamic relationship between a receiver and a sender. It creates healthy working relationships between colleagues Effective communication depends on another type of Active listening, which can be defined as paying full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to pay attention to what others are saying, To understand the points being made, ask questions as necessary, and do not interrupt at inappropriate times. As we have seen above, active listening creates a more dynamic relationship between a receiver and a sender. It creates healthy working relationships between colleagues. build your listening skills and become a more effective listener and make communication freezers disappear from your discussions.

Types Of Communication


communication is divided into three parts, which include,
Verbal communication.
Written communication.
Nonverbal communication.

Verbal Communication


 In business, verbal communication is done by the phone or in person. The medium of the message is verbal. One of the most consistent recommendations from communication experts is be aware of your communication style and practice of being flexible in stressful situations.

Written Communication 


Written communication is done in business, in the form of printed message which include memos, proposals, e-mails, letters, training manuals, and operating policies. which is printed on paper or appear on screen. Written communication is often asynchronous.  in business written communication compose a message that the receiver can read at any time, written business communication can also be read by many people such as all employees of a department or all customers.

Nonverbal communication


Nonverbal communication is an important part of any communication. Research suggests that nonverbal communication can also affect when you get a job offer. They looked at the rate of gestures, the time it takes to talk, and the formality of the dress to determine which candidates would be the most socially successful on the job. Research also shows that 55% of person communication comes from nonverbal cues such as facial expressions, body stance, and tone of voice. only 7% of the recipient's understanding of a message is based on the sender's actual words, 38% is based on tone, speech speed, and volume of speech, and 55% is based on Body language. Eye Contact, Facial Expressions, Posture, Touch, and Space, are some nonverbal cues that may support the sender's message.