Motivation Meaning and DefinitionMotivation is the processes for a person's intensity, direction, and continuity towards achieving the goal. The word "motivation" is taken from Latin word "mowre", which means move. human aims are based on needs, the primary requirements for human is, water, air, food, sleep and shelter. Other requirements are secondary tailoring in the form of self-esteem, status, affiliation with others, affection, giving, achievement and self-confidence. naturally these needs intensity vary in human over the time. Motivation is usually drives, desires, needs, and equal forces. manager must motivate his subordinates to Inspire, do things that they will satisfy these drives and desires, and allow subordinates to act in the desired way.
Erit Kregakabhiprern defined, the act to stimulate someone to a desired action is the art of motivating for enterprise success by honesty and hard work of employees.
According to L.A. Allen, motivation is the job for a manager to inspire, motivate and encourage people to take the necessary action. Motivation is often called "dynamic of behavior". The term 'Dynamic' means energy or force that moves to physical bodies. In psychology and administration, a mental force or motivation that activates organs. Most of the people thinks, that motivation is a personal trait, some have and others do not. Motivation is the result of interaction between person and situation. The three key elements of motivation are,
Intensity is related to how hard a person works. When we talk about motivation, intensity is the most focused eliment.
In motivation process, direction is the orientation that benefits the organization.
Persistence is the measure of how long a person can sustain his efforts. Motivated person live long with a task to achieve their goal.
Motivators are the things that motivate a person to perform. motivators arrange recognized, rewards or incentives that intensify to drive the fulfill of these desires. A manager can do much to sharpen objectives, by establishing an environment conducive to certain drives. For example, employees in a business have developed a reputation for excellence that motivates them to contribute their best performance for this reputation. A motivator affects a person's behavior. It makes a difference what a person will do. motivators motivate employees to perform effectively for their organization. Motivation is the management process of influencing individuals behavior based on knowledge.
Features of Motivation
Motivation is a captivating process. It is fascinating but a complex process. The following main features of motivation are,
Motivation is goal-oriented,
Motivation is a continuous process,
Motivation can be positive or negative, Motivation can be monetary or non-monetary,
Motivation is inclusive. Can not be considered in pieces,
Motivation is a psychological phenomenon that converts abilities into performance.
Objectives of Motivation
Motivation aims to create situations in which people are willing to work with enthusiasm, initiative, interest and enthusiasm. Motivation creates situations in which people work with responsibility, loyalty, discipline, pride and confidence so that To achieve effectively the goals of an organization.